Whether it comes in ball or hank form, the yarn you buy will have a band around it that lists a lot of useful information.
2 Weight and length - This tells you the weight of the yarn in grams or ounces and the meterage or yardage. This is useful when calculating how many balls you need to make a project.
4 Shade number and dye lot - These are not the same. The manufacturer's shade number refers to a specific colour. The dye lot number refers to a particular batch of yarn dyed in that colour. When buying yarns for a project, try to ensure that balls of one colour are all from the same dye lot. Where possible, keep ball bands or make a note of dye lots for reference.
5 Needle size - This is a generally recommended needle size. The pattern instructions for your project will tell you which specific size to use. Be aware that the needles required for each project have been chosen to create a particular feel to the finished fabric and may seem very different from those stated on the ball band.
6 Recommended tension - This tells you the standard tension for the yarn using the recommended needle size, usually given as a number of stitches and rows measured over 10cm foin) of stocking stitch.
7 Washing instructions - These tell you how you should wash and care for the yarn once knitted.
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