Tubular stitch

7 Holding needle in left hand, begin by slipping back stitch as if to purl, without working it, and knit next front stitch. 6 Stitches cast on in this way appear as alternating front stitches and back stitches. 8 Continue by slipping next back stitch as if to purl, knit next stitch. Continue to work rows in this manner, alternating stitches to knit slipped stitches of previous row and slip worked ones. Once you have finished knitting, close work (see next section). Then gently pull at loop...

The yarn

Yarn and craft stores offer an extraordinary variety of yarns with very different characteristics. In order to make the right choice, consider the style of the sweater you wish to knit and the purpose it will serve so that you can find the most suitable yarn. Yarn is made by spinning together strands of natural fibers (animal and plant) or chemical fibers (synthetic) or a blend of both natural and synthetic fibers. Wool was once the most commonly encountered yarn in knitting. Some of the best...

JjjjS

Por a garment to be attractively finished, it is important that the sewing be carefully done. There are different ways of sewing. In all cases, sew just loosely enough that your knitting does not lose its elasticity. 1 Invisible Sewing on Stitches in a Purl This technique is worked in just the reverse of knit one. Begin with 1 stitch, then alternating up and down, work 2 stitches each side, working the first stitch from back and the next one from front. Invisible Sewing or Horizontal Needle...

Wristbands

Wristbands are the typical edge for the long sleeves of a sweater. They can be made as you knit the sleeve or by picking up the stitches after the sleeve is done. Double knitting them makes them sturdy. wristband made by picking up stitches I Cast on sleeve stitches with contrasting color yarn. When sleeve is completed, use yarn needle to undo stitches of beginning row, passing them onto knitting needle as you undo them. 2 Making a few evenly-spaced decreases, if desired, on first row, work...

Quilted knits

Finishing a knitted garment with quilting adds a decorative touch and warmth by joining several layers to the original knitted piece. Quilting is good for jackets, coats, and other outdoor garments. 1 Block knitted pieces. Lay each piece on the lining fabric, right sides together. Pin layers together around edges. Following edge of pieces cut out fabric adding a 4-inch 1-cm seam allowance all around. 2 Using matching yarn if thin enough or thread, sew knitted edges of each piece to the lining...

Closing the tubular stitch

4 Bring yarn needle back to front needle, entering from interior into front stitch dropped in step I, then enter next stitch on front needle from front to interior, sliding it off front needle. Continue repeating from ', weaving all stitches together. 3 Insert yarn needle into next stitch from back to interior and let it slide off back needle. 2 Return to back needle, entering first stitch on interior of work as if to knit and slide it off back needle. 1 insert threaded yarn needle as if to...

Mittens

Work other hand section the same way. ICast on for wrist edge. Work kl.pl for ribbing. Work mitten in stockinette stitch, starting thumb shaping on first knit row by increasing 1 stitch in first stitch 2 thumb stitches . Continue, shaping thumb by increasing I stitch at beginning and end of thumb section every knit row, until thumb is needed width. Place thumb stitches on extra needle or holder. Then continue working on hand stitches up to shaped finger area. Divide hand into 2 sections place...

How To Knit A V Neck Collar With Buttons For Baby Sweater

How Pick Stitch From Neck

Like other neck openings, this one can be finished by knitting up or by sewing the edges. Both need to be done with great care so they lie flat without stretching. IOn first row of V-neck shaping, place center stitch on a safety pin to hold until needed. Work each side of neck separately with a separate ball of yarn. Decrease l stitch on each side every 2 or 4 rows, just before or after the edge stitches at each neck edge. When all decreases are completed, work even keeping same number of...

Knitting and purling

After having the knit stitch k Cast on the Hold the needle with the stitches in your left A hand, supporting it with the little finger and stitches, the first guiding it with the ring and middle fingers. Keep thumb lightly pressing on needle, guiding stitches to thing you need tip with index finger. 3 Pick up right-hand needle. As you knit, guiding with thumb, insert the needle tip into stitches on left-hand needle while index finger directs the movement of yarn. Keeping the yarn you are...

Single and double decreases

4 Purl stitch with unworked stitch passed For decrease, purl stitch as usual, then slide new stitch back onto left needle. With tip of right needle, lift second unworked stitch on leli needle up and over first worked stitch and let it drop off needle. Slide first stitch back to right needle. 5 Double slip stitch passed over yarn over Slip 2 stitches onto right needle without knitting them, then make yarn over. Lift 2 slipped stitches up and over yarn over. Work as for knit row, but purl...

Casting on

Use this type of casting on when you need a very firm edge, even if it is not elastic. Follow the same steps as when casting on with one needle but use a doubled strand of yarn. This method is useful for adding new stitches to a work already in progress. Form first stitch as shown on previous page, then pass the needle to left hand and hold second needle in right hand. Insert tip of right-hand needle into _L front loop of the stitch just made, as shown, and wrap yarn from ball around right...

Fringes and pompons

2 Hold discs together and wrap yarn around them. Thread yarn needle with yarn, if you like, to make wrapping easier. Pompon fullness depends on amount of yarn wrapped. 3 Insert the tip of a pair of scissors in between cardboard discs and cut all strands around outer edge. help add a touch of elegance or fun to all sorts of things from hats, shawls, and afghans to baby ICut out 2 same-sized cardboard circles, the diameter a bit larger than desired size of pompon, to allow for center hole and...

Embroidery

Interlocked Meshes

IDraw desired embroidery motif on paper. Use transfer paper dressmaker's carbon to trace design onto a piece of needlework canvas special fabric with non-interlocked meshes, allowing fibers to be removed . Pin fabric with design to knitted piece and baste it in place. how to embroider with special needlework canvas 2 Cut a piece of muslin bigger than embroidery hoops cut center opening to expose design. Place muslin on knitted unit, with opening over design baste it in place around opening....

Baby booties

How Pick Stitches For Baby Bootie

Cast on needed stitches and ' work in stockinette stitch for about 1' inches 3 cm , ending with knit row. Work eyelet row k2tog, yarn over , purl next row repeat from ' once more. 2 Continue in stockinette stitch for3 inch 2 cm more cuff . Divide stitches in 3 parts, placing each side section on a holder. 3 Continue on center stitches only for about 2 4 inches 7 cm then decrease I stitch on each side every other row twice top of foot . 4 Use crochet hook to pick up...

Beading

Yarn Bobbins Homemade

W orking with beads is a fun way of personalizing a garment. It is simple and fast, requiring no extra hassle after finishing your work. Instead, the beading grows as you knit and is done at the same time your garment is done. B P o o m K gt v . r o c n co - c c i- IYou can follow printed designs, or make your own on graph paper, with each square representing a knit stitch use colored pencils to indicate the desired colors. If beads are used in a solid pattern, use small beads, such as seed...

Gloves

Mittens Two Needles

Knitting gloves with double-pointed needles makes the job easier and gives a better result than working on two needles. It eliminates bulky seams. 2 Work in stockinette stitch for -V-t inch 2 cm . Then begin shaping thumb as you continue, working thumb at beginning of rounds rnds . 3 To shape thumb, increase 1 stitch base of thumb at beginning of rnd knit 1 rnd then increase I stitch each side of thumb base continue increasing 1 stitch every other rnd at each side of thumb section. IWith a...

Neck openings shoulders and sleeves

Raglan Shoulder Decreases

Work front and back armholes like regular armholes until 1-1inches 2'' -4 cm shorter than normal length to shoulder top of shoulder is covered by upper part of saddle sleeve. Top of sleeve is shaped in usual rounded manner until only enough stitches measuring 2 to 3 inches 5 to 7' i cm across remain to fill out omitted shoulder sections of front and back. Mark last row worked with safety pin. Continue working these stitches until piece measures from marker the same as shoulder edge of front or...

Before getting started

Knit Before Getting Started

You do not need many tools to start. The Needles are the basic instruments in knitting. They can be made from metal, plastic, or wood. They come with a single point for executing all the flat surfaces , or with a double point usually in a set of four or five called a double-pointed needle set for knitting articles, such as socks, in a circular manner , or circular made from two needle points joined by a flexible strand for knitting an article without having...

Symmetrical

These decrease stitches are widely used for shaping raglan sleeves or corners or on a border when you make decreases on both sides of a central stitch. On each decrease row, always work same number of stitches at edge before or after 2-stitch decrease is made to give uniform and symmetric edge. Work decrease on 2 stitches as follows slip 1 stitch, knit I stitch, pass slip stitch over knit 1 and drop it. Keeping uniform edges, decrease by purling 2 stitches together as one. Keeping uniform...

Round rieck

Work shaping for round neck as described on previous page. Then determine number of stitches needed for border to fit neck opening. Make border by starting it with tubular stitch, then working stitches in k1, p1 ribbing for desired width. Finish with several added rows of stockinette stitch worked in contrasting color yarn. 2 Pin border in place around neck opening with colored edge just overlapping garment. With matching yarn and yarn needle, neatly sew border to neck edge, sewing stitch by...

Single and double increases

To increase means to add one or more stitches to your work. The increases can be divided between internal, within the current edges of the piece, and external, which are made at the edges of the work, either at the beginning or at the end of a row. Knit same stitch twice, first through front loop as usual, then with stitch still on left needle reach behind work to knit into back loop of same stitch working 2 stitches in I slide old stitch from left needle. You can also increase purl stitches by...

Elastic band edges

Circular Stitch Long Loom

2 Position elastic band, on wrong side, around waist edge, and pin it, evenly distributing it. ICut elastic to desired measurement, adding an extra inch 2 ft cm for overlapping ends to form circle stitch ends securely together. 3 Using thick embroidery yarn in same shade as garment, insert needle from right to left, picking up 2 stitches just above elastic band. Move needle down and to the right to pick up 2 stitches below elastic band. 5 Continue in this manner, inserting needle below, then...

Embroidery Motifs

Slightly Out Square Illusion

Simple to do, this stitch is widely used for making stylized tlower petals and leaves. You can use tracing paper or needlework canvas see page 131 to work designs. The sample shows work moving in counterclockwise direction vou can work in other direction as well. 1 Anchor yarn on wrong side and bring needle up at base of petal. Form a loop, holding it with left thumb and exit at same base, bringing needle up again just below tip of petal. Draw yarn through, making petal loop. With Needle...

Aran isle sweater

2 When turtleneck is about 5 inches 12 cm long, if you are not already using dp needles, divide stitches into 4 equal parts and place them on separate holders. 3 Continue on one side only and work simple cables for a length equal to width of one shoulder place these stitches on holder and work other shoulder, on opposite side of turtleneck, to correspond to first shoulder. A traditional Aran Isle sweater is knitted in one unit with double-pointed needles or a circular needle, and requires no...

Symmetrical decreases

Central Double Decrease Knitting

double decreases with central rib stitch Work decrease in center of piece on 3 stitches by knitting 3 stitches together through back of stitches decrease will form a twisted stitch. Insert right needle, starting with third stitch on left needle, then second and first stitches, to knit them together as 1 stitch. 3 Pass slip stitch over decrease on knit rows Decrease on 3 stitches by slipping I stitch to right needle without working it, knit next 2 stitches together as one k2tog then with left...

Yarn

This stitch is used in lace patterns or to increase number of stitches by adding a loop that is worked as a stitch on next row. The loop makes a hole or eyelet in work. 3 Yarn over between knit and purl. After knitting stitch, bring yarn to front of work, then wrap it over right needle and bring it forward again to purl next stitch. 4 Yarn over between purl and knit. After purling stitch, leave yarn in front and knit next stitch. Yarn will automatically wrap over needle to back and form yarn...

Socks

Double Gusset Increase Sock Sole

The classic sock is knitted around starting from the top edge. The ankle can be worked with any pattern or colored design you like, but in this example the sock is worked with two simple cables on a background of purls. Now work in desired pattern until piece is 12 inches 30 cm from beginning for a short sock . IWith double pointed dp needles, cast on needed stitches for top ankle edge see page 63 work in rounds rnds in kl, pi ribbing for about an inch 2' 2 cm . 3 To shape heel, divide stitches...

Motifs to embroider

Cross Stitch Alphabet Patterns

With a little bit of imagination, you can transform the appearance of a sweater or other knitted garment. Add a simple figure embroidered in duplicate stitch or cross stitch, for example, surrounded by small delicate beads. Choose the monogram desired and determine its position on the garment Then embroider it in duplicate stitch or cross stitch. Following the chart, note that each square on chart represents I knitted stitch in width and 2 rows in length.

Continental knitting

2 Lower right index finger to bring yarn forward over right needle as shown. IWrap yarn twice around left index finger as shown, holding yarn at back of work. Insert right-hand needle into front loop of first stitch. 3 Draw right needle tip forward, bringing new stitch through old. Slide old stitch off needle. Repeat for each stitch. With yarn wrapped on left index finger, hold yarn at front of work. 2 Insert right needle back to front Wrap yarn over needle as shown and through front loop of...

Shoulder pads

2 Work until piece is 2 inches 7 cm from beginning work even for A inch 2 cm more, then decrease I stitch at each end of every row. Sometimes a knitted garment requires shoulder pads. It is possible to buy a pair, or you can make them with the same yarn you used for the garment. IUse the same yarn as for the garment and needles at least I size larger. Cast on 3 stitches. Knit in garter stitch, increasing 1 stitch at beginning and end of each row. When there are only 3 stitches left, bind them...

Edgings

Knitted Edging Pattern

The edgings are an extension of a knitted work they create decorative finishes and help to keep a garment in shape. They can be sewn or knitted, with one or two layers. Edge with slip stitches Worked on a multiple of 5 stitches, plus 2. Work as follows 1st row right side Knit 2 stitches, bring yarn forward, slip 3 stitches as if to knit, return yarn to back, knit 2 repeat from across. 2nd and all wrong-side rows Purl across. Repeat these 2 rows. Edge with stitches that stand out Worked on a...

Mending reinforcing patching

Even a hand-knit garment can be damaged or have a hole at some point. Th is is why it is essential to know the best way to repair the damage before it gets worse. Holes in stockinette stitch can be repaired with invisible mending that reconstructs the stitches. 2 Secure yarn ends on wrong side, weaving hem into stitches with yarn needle. Pin work area with hole to piece of cardboard to keep it stretched. 1 Enlarge hole by undoing a few rows and a few stitches to form a square. 3 With yarn, work...

Finishing with a crochet hook

Crocheted trims are easy and fast to make. They can be used for completing a garment in a decorative manner or for finishing uneven edges. In both cases, you can use contrasting color yarn. IThis trim is worked in only 1 row, from right to left, as follows Work single crochet sc stitch, working into lirst stitch along edge, then make 3 chain ch stitches, crochet sc into first beginning stitch ol'chain-3, skip 1 or 2 stitches along edge, crochet another sc in next edge stitch. Work right to left...

Slip stitch and passing slip stitch over

Pass Slip Stitch Over

There are several ways to vary the basic knit and purl stitches for decorative purposes. These variations include slip stitch, passing slipped stitch over, yarn over, long stitch, and crossed stitch. This variation of knit and purl slipped stitches is used to decrease number of stitches. The method may differ from slip stitches above in how stitch is slipped onto right needle. When you knit, your yarn stays in back of the work when you purl, it stays in front. 2 Pass slip stitch over double...

Hems

IWith smaller needles, cast on stitches with contrasting color yarn. Change to main color. Work hem in stockinette stitch to desired depth. On next right-side row, work eyelet row as follows ' Knit 2 stitches together as one k2tog , yarn over yo repeat from across row, ending with knit stitch. Change to larger needles you plan to use for garment. Work yo loops as stitches on next row. 2 When work is completed, use yarn needle to undo colored stitches of beginning row and transfer them to...

Long stitch and crossed stitch

IStitch crossed to right on knit rows. Work to spot for crossover, skip first stitch on left needle and reach pass it to knit second stitch on left needle, then knit skipped stitch, sliding both worked stitches off left needle. 2 Stitch crossed to left on knit rows. Skip first stitch on left needle and reach behind it to knit back loop of next stitch, then knit into front of skipped stitch slide both stitches off left needle. 4 St itch Crossed to left on purl row. Skip first stitch and,...

Knitting cables

Twisted Stockinette Stitch

They are made with a cable needle or a Most cables arc worked on the right side on a background of reversed stockinette stitch purl side to makes the cables stand out. changing width number of stitches used and distance between twists crossovers . A classic cable is formed with an equal width and length between crossings luit this is not a hard and fast rule. There is a general rule that cables should be worked on an even number of stitches so you can divide the stitches in half. A...

Knitted patchwork

Patchwork Knitting

triangle at right edge and first square piecing. Use the technique to make garments, afghans, and pillows. The example shown is worked on a multiple of 6 stitches. With color A yarn, cast on desired number of stitches and work as follows PI, turn work around kl, turn work pi, then p next stitch from starting row, turn work continue in stockinette stitch until you have used the first 6 stitches. Put these 6 stitches on a holder and work across row, making a triangle on each group of 6 stitches,...

Polo neck

3 Work stitches in kl.pl ribbing until bonier width is about half the width of panel opening. Make 3 evenly-spaced buttonholes on next row as follows Yarn over yo needle, work next 2 stitches together as one. On next row, work yo as a stitch, continuing to rib as established until border is same width as opening. Rind off. 4 Work other opening edge to correspond, omitting buttonholes. Hind off. With yarn and yarn needle, neatly sew buttonhole border to bottom edge of opening with backstitch....

Binding off

Knitting Designs

Knit first 2 stitches together as one in twisted manner through back loops . Slip resulting stitch back on left needle and knit it together with following stitch. Repeat from 4 across row. On every other row work to stitches you want to bind off, bring yarn to front of work slip one stitch, take yarn to back and return slipped stitch to left needle without knitting it. Turn work and work back across now shortened row. Repeat procedure until all stitches are done, then bind them all off at same...

Ribbing started with tubular stitch

How Read Knitting Patterns

With yarn yam-over stitch added on Ist row. 6 3rd and 4th rows Work across, each stitch slipped on previous row and slipping as if to purl each stitch worked on previous row. 5th row Now work as usual in kI, pi ribbing continue in ribbing until piece is desired length. At the end of knitting, remove colored yarn. Cast on with contrasting color yarn and work first three rows as for tubular stitch 1. Then establish k2. p2 ribbing by working across all the stitches as follows Skip first stitch,...

Correcting mistakes

Correcting Dropped Garter Stitch Border

When you knit, you may make mistakes. Follow the easy methods illustrated here and many of them will not be hard to fix. 1 Insert right needle first through stitch below, then under yarn of stitch that dropped from needle. 2 Insert left needle, from back to front, only into picked up intact stitch and pull it up and forward. 3 Slip this lifted stitch over yarn on right needle and let it fall from right needle, then from left needle. The stitch remaining is the dropped stitch restored, but...

Pleats

Box Pleate Knitting

Pleats can be used for knitting skirts. They can be flat pleats, box pleats, and plisse. For all of them, use a thin yarn so garment does not become too bulky. Determine the number of stitches needed for the width of the garment plus total number of stitches needed for under layers of each pleat. When you work, mark separation between I pleat and next by slipping I stitch outer fold line and mark depth of pleat with I purl .stitch inner fold line . In example shown here Knit 8 stitches, slip I,...

Symmetrical increases

Right Loop Knit

These increases are generally used to add a certain number of stitches on the inside of the work. These have various decorative effects and are normally made every other row on the front of your work. With tip of right needle, lift connecting stand of yarn just before center stitch and place resulting loop onto left needle knit this new stitch in twisted manner through back loop . Knit center stitch repeat with connecting yarn just alter center stitch. Knit stitch before center one and then...

How To Knit A Tuck Ridge

Tuck And Fold Knit

3 Work second half of tuck, starting with knit row, until you have 1 row fewer than first half, ending with purl row. 5 On right side of work, join edges as follows Keeping L Continue knitting the garment up to next tuck, stitch holder behind your work, knit together stitch from knitting needle with corresponding stitch from stitch holder. 4 On wrong side of work, use knitting needle to pick up stitches belonging to marked row, picking up as many stitches as were initially cast on. To make...

Horizontal darts

Horizontal Darts Knitting

Even in knitting you sometimes need to make darts, either vertical or horizontal, for extra fullness and a better-fitting garment. They are made by using special techniques as you knit the piece. The horizontal darts are worked in short rows where you knit only partway across the row before turning to work back to the beginning. First, determine the number of stitches needed for the dart. Divide this number by 4, 5, or 6 to find the number of stitches to set aside on each short row. NOTE The...

Vertical darts

Drops Skirt Knitting

Vertical darts are made with a series of decreases and increases. To make a skirt, it is enough to make decreases from the hip to the waistline. On a dress, however, you need to make the decreases on the skirt, but on the bodice, from the waistline to the bust, you need to make increases. 2 Make a decrease before marked center as follows On 2 stitches iList before center, slip 1 stitch without knitting, knit next stitch, pass slipped stitch over knit, and drop it decrease made before center . 4...

Fur stitch

This is an easy technique for edges on jackets, afghans, pillows, and other accessories for the house. Rows are worked making looped fringes that are long or short. IUse thin yarns. Cast on desired number of stitches. Knit 5 rows in garter stitch. Work loops on next wrong side row as follows Knit 1st stitch wrap yarn under left index linger, then back over top of linger as shown . 2' Catch back of finger loop on right needle then knit next stitch drawing both loops from finger loop and new...

Square neck

A square neck is suitable for a sailor collar. Starting with the desired uneven number of stitches for the collar, work in moss stitch k1, p1, k1 repeat across on each row , or other simple pattern for about inch 1 cm . Keeping first and last Vfe inch 3 or 5 stitches in pattern stitch, work remaining center stitches in stockinette stitch knit 1 row, purl 1 row until piece measures 3 to 4 inches 8 to 10 cm from beginning row. Now start pattern stitch edge for neck opening, including side borders...

Smocking on knits

Knitting Stitches

smock stitch on The smock stitch can be stockinette stitch IKnit in stockinette stitch tor desired length, and tor a width about three times finished width. With contrasting color yarn, sew parallel lines across, picking up same vertical S m ock Stitch on rib stitch stitches on each sewn row. Evenly space vertical stitch rows and sewn lines, spacing them by thickness of yarn. 3 loin ribs in pairs, alternating pairs in following smocking C2 Complete smocking and remove colored yarn guidelines,...

Circular knitting

Italian Casting Circular Needles

3 Be sure to mark beginning of the round circular row , with a yarn loop or a safety pin in last stitch, moving il up each round. Proceed as described in step 2, knitting each new needle with needle just emptied, working around and around. ICast on or pick up a quarter of the stitches on 1 of 5 needles, then place another needle on top ot first one a it can be moved easily , and place another quarter of the stitches on this second needle, working with same yarn. Continue in this fashion until...

Selvages and picking up stitches

How Course Stitches

The selvages are the side edges of the knitted work. They can be done in different ways based on their intended use for sewing seams, for finishing, or for picking up stitches. On right side rows, start with knit 2, purl 1 end row with purl 1, knit 2. You can work first and last stitch on row in chain stitch, as shown at right, if you prefer. On wrong side rows, work stitches as they face you. Use with seams sewn with backstitch, regardless of knitted Use for a firm and attractive edge. pattern...