The selvages are the side edges of the knitted work. They can be done in different ways based on their intended use: for sewing seams, for finishing, or for picking up stitches.
■ stockinette selvage
On right side rows, start with knit 2, purl 1; end row with purl 1, knit 2. (You can work first and last stitch on row in chain stitch, as shown at right, if you prefer.)
On wrong side rows, work stitches as they face you.
Use with seams sewn with backstitch, regardless of knitted Use for a firm and attractive edge.
pattern stitch. On every row, slip first stitch as if to knit On every row, work first and last 3 stitches as follows: Purl 1, without knitting it and knit last stitch on row. knit 1, purl 1.
The chain stitch selvage works well for edges where you will pick up stitches for finishing. Chain stitch selvage can be worked in 2 different ways that give the same result.
First (Italian) Method: On right side rows, slip first stitch as if to knit without knitting it and knit last stitch.
On wrong side rows: Slip first stitch as if to purl without purling it and purl last stitch.
Second (English) Method: On right side rows, slip both first and last stitches without knitting them.
On wrong side rows: (Yarn is between first two stitches.) Purl all stitches across row, including first one.
■ beaded selvage stitch selvage
■ garter stitch selvage
Use for seam edges on stockinette stitch pieces.
On knit rows, work first and last stitch in twisted purl.
On purl rows, work first stitch in a very tight purl and slip last stitch without knitting it.
Picking up Stitches
selvages and picking up stitches
To pick up stitches on a slant (as for diagonal pocket), draw up stitches with crochet hook (as described above), working into stitch 1 row below previous one.
Diagram shows stitches that hook should go into.
If instructions don't indicate the number of stitches you need to pick up, make your calculation, based on the sample gauge.
Measure edge where stitches will be picked up, multiply number of inches by number of stitches per inch on sample gauge; the result is the number of stitches to pick up.
To work along side edge of piece, you generally need to pick up 1 stitch for every row or every other row if you are working an edging with the same pattern stitch as on the piece itself. Pick up 1 stitch every row if you are working edging with smaller needles than on piece.
To work in same direction as original piece (as for wristband), you generally need to pick up 1 stitch in every stitch, if you don't need to make decreases or increases.
Each stitch of chain-stitch selvage corresponds to 2 rows, not 1, of knitting; remember to pick up enough stitches along edge to compensate for this, or picked-up edge will be too tight.
Pick up 2 stitches in 1 chain as follows: Insert needle under front loop of chain and knit it, repeat for back loop of
Tuck knitting needle under your right arm when using crochet hook. Insert crochet hook through center of first stitch below selvage chain. Catch yarn on hook and draw up first stitch and transfer it to knitting needle.
If selvage is irregular, pick up stitches in second (not first) line of stitches at edge.
Picking up Stitches
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