Casting On

To begin knitting, you need to work a foundation row of stitches called casting on. There are several ways to cast on depending on the type of edge that you want (see also page 24). The cast on edge should be firm too loose and it will look untidy and flare out, too tight and it will break and the stitches unravel. If your casting on is always too tight, use a size larger needle. If it is always too loose, use a size smaller needle. Remember to change back to the correct size needle to begin...

Decorative decreasing one stitch purlwise

Sometimes decreases are decorative, especially in lace knitting where they form part of the pattern. Then you have to be aware of whether the decrease slants right or left. Each decrease has an opposite and the two of them are called a pair There is one way to work the decrease that is the pair to p2tog which slopes to the left when seen on the front (knit side) of the work. See page 32 for ways to slip stitches. Slip one, slip one, purl two together through backs of loops (ssp or p2tog tbl) 1...

Duction

The book has been divided into colour coded sections to help you find the information you need quickly and easily. Each new technique is explained with clear diagrams, photographs and step-by-step instructions. Getting Started is colour coded purple and teaches you the basic techniques you need to begin knitting straight away. It offers invaluable information about yarns and choosing the correct needles for your work. At the end of this section is a page of useful hints and tips to improve your...

The result

The knitting should be smooth on the front with the yarn floats lying neatly across the back with one colour always above the other Using just two colours on each row does not limit the range of designs possible in traditional fair isle. This patch gives plenty of practise knitting with yarn held in both hands. Fair isle baby blanket is knitted in a worsted DK wool cotton yarn on size 6 4mm UK8 needles. See page 141 for pattern.

Looped Knitting

Looped Knitting

A border of looped knitting makes a mock fur fabric for the collar and cuffs on a garment. As an all-over fabric, it can be used to make soft toys or, with the loops cut, a pile rug. The base fabric is garter stitch a row of twisted knit stitches knitted through the back of the loop kl tbl is followed by a row of loop stitches. The pattern is a two row repeat with the loops made on the wrong side row and all the stitches are knitted through the back of the stitch on the right side row. Knitting...

Lace Knitting

Photos Lace Knitting

The general term used to cover eyelets, faggoting and lace is lace knitting. These form categories on their own, but many stitch patterns overlap between two or even three of them. Eyelets are single holes worked in rows or in groups on a background of stockinette stocking stitch for example, a drawstring can be threaded through a row of eyelets with three or four stitches between them. Knitted faggoting is the same term as that used in embroideiy and describes a line of horizontal or vertical...

Knit Perfect

Bead Knitted Bags

Beads should have a large enough hole to slide on to the yarn without being forced. If the fit is too tight, the yarn will wear and fray. y Match the beads to the yarn use small, light beads with a delicate yarn and larger beads with a harder wearing, thicker yarn. y The fabric should be knitted tightly enough so that the beads won't slip between the stitches to the wrong side. Always knit the stitches either side of the bead firmly. Add the beads on a right side row so they hang...

Bobbins

Each area of colour needs its own bobbin of yarn. You should never knit straight from the ball because with all the twisting, the yarn will become horribly tangled and the knitting becomes a chore. Working with bobbins you can pull out sufficient yarn to knit the stitches and then leave it hanging at the back of the work out of the way of the other yarns. You can buy plastic bobbins and wrap a small amount of yarn on to each one but it is easy to make your own and cheaper if the intarsia design...

Basic mitred square

Joined Mitered Square Knitting

Cast on 19 sts loosely using the knitting on method see page 24 . Row I and every foil WS row K to last St. si I purlwise with yarn in front of Row 2 RS K8. si I -k2tog-psso, k7, si I pwise wyif. 17 sts. Row 4 K7. si I -k2tog-psso. k6, si I pwise wyif. 15 sts. Row 6 K6. si I -k2tog-psso. k5. si I pwise wyif. I 3 sts. Row 8 K5. si I -k2tog-psso, k4, si I pwise wyif. I I sts. Row 10 K4, sl I -k2tog-psso, k3, sl I pwise wyif. 9 sts. Row 12 K3, sl I -k2tog-psso, k2, sl I pwise wyif. 7 sts. Row 14...

Mitred Knit Patchwork With No Sewing

Patchwork Knitting

The number of stitches to cast on equals the number of stitches in each square multiplied by the number of squares. Cast on more or less stitches to make the squares bigger or smaller. y Always start with the base row of triangles, then repeat the purl row of squares and the knit row of squares to form the main fabric, ending with a purl row to work the top triangles across. The woven effect of entrelac can be emphasised by working in two colours work the knit rows of squares in one colour and...

Short Rows

Short Row Knitting

Short rows are partially knitted rows the work is turned before the row is completed and the same stitches are worked back across. This results in there being two more rows at one side of the fabric than at the other. Short row knitting is also called turning, or partial knitting. The technique is commonly used for shaping sock heels, known as turning a heel. On each turning row one less stitch is worked and then, to turn the heel, you work one more stitch each turning row until you are back to...

Square on two needles

An increase is worked before the first Continue in this way until the side of the square is the required length, ending with a WS row. A decrease is now worked at the start of every row see page 28-9 Next row Ssk, k to end. Next row P2tog, p to end. Continue to decrease until 3 sts remain, sk2po. Fasten off. Depending on the gauge tension , the square may be more of a diamond. Block it to shape or work in a pattern that has more rows to the 4in I Ocm . A traditional use of this square is called...

Smocking

Smocking Patterns

Smocking can be worked veiy successfully on ribbed fabric. Like smocking on a woven fabric, it pulls in the knitted fabric in a decorative manner. The smocking stitches can be worked in the same yarn as the main fabric, in a contrasting colour or in embroidery threads which have a larger range of colours for coloured smocking patterns. Make sure the smocking thread is colourfast and washes to the same instructions as the knitted yarn. The rib should not be too wide or the resulting bunching of...

Intarsia

Intarsia is a technique of colour knitting suitable for large areas of colour where several blocks of different colours are worked in the same row. Unlike fair isle knitting where two colours are carried along the row to form a repeating pattern, intarsia knitting is characterized by single motifs, geometric patterns or pictures. Intarsia uses a separate ball of yarn for each block of colour. The yarns are twisted together to link the areas of colour and prevent a hole. Most colourwork designs...

Joining a new ball

When you run out of yarn and need to start a new ball in the same colour or need to change to another colour, always start a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row. at a seam edge where the ends can be woven in without showing on the front. Simply drop the old yarn, wrap the new yarn around the needle and work a few stitches. Tie the two ends securely together at the beginning of the row so neither one will work its way free and unravel your stitches. When you've finished the piece, undo...

Designing with mitred squares

The basic square forms a mitred corner, work two together and a rectangle is formed. Work three together and an L shape is made work four together and a complete mitred square is made. For a rectangle, cast on twice the number of stitches for the basic square 2 x 19 sts 38 sts , for an L shape cast on three times the stitches and for a complete square cast on four times the stitches. Place a slip marker every 19 stitches to show you where one square ends and the next begins. Work each 19...

Smocking Stitch on pkl rib

Smocking Stitches

Work from left to right and in a zigzag manner.The smocking stitches should be equally spaced on every 4th row. Note the artwork shows the stitches not tightened so the path of the needle can clearly be seen. 1 Bring the needle with the smocking thread up at A. having secured it on the wrong side by running it through the edge of the knit rib with a few backstitches. Follow the row across and take it under the stitch at B from right to left. Take the needle across the front of the work between...

On a purl row

1 Purl to the turning point slip the next stitch purlwise on to the right-hand needle and then take the yarn back between the needles to the right side of the work. 2 Slip the slipped stitch back to the right-hand needle and take the yarn back to the knit position.Turn the work as though at the end of a row.The slipped stitch has been wrapped and it has a bar across it. Purl back across the row. Insert the tip of the right-hand needle into the back of the loop and place it on to the left-hand...

Abbreviations

Abbreviations are used to shorten techniques and words to make written knitting instructions easier to read and a manageable length. There are some standard abbreviations but others can vary. Always read the abbreviations on your pattern's knitting instructions carefully. The following are the most common abbreviations used throughout this book. make one twisted to the right increase 1 stitch the back of the loops 1 stitch decreased round brackets the number of times indicated Throughout the...

GAUGE Tension

At the beginning of any knitting pattern, the designer will state the gauge tension that you need to achieve and this is used to calculate the finished dimensions of the garment. It is a veiy important part of knitting and is the number of stitches and rows to lin 2.5cm . If you do not get the correct gauge tension the garment will not be the correct size. More stitches to lin 2.5cm and the garment will be smaller fewer stitches to lin 2.5cm and the garment will be bigger. A tight fitting...