Cast on a multiple of 5 sts plus 4 sts. Row I P4, * k I, p4: rep from * to end. Row 2 K4, * p I, k4; rep from * to end. These 2 rows form the rib pattern and are repeated.
When the knitted fabric is smocked it will loose some of its elasticity, so is not suitable for close-fitting cuffs and lower edge ribs on garments.
There are also honeycomb stitches that are smocked while being knitted (see Stitch library page 102-3).
A knitting pattern tells you how to knit and make up a knitted project. There are two styles of instructions; a pattern that tells you what to do row by row, and a pattern that has shorter written instructions with a chart. If each row of a garment was written down row by row the knitting pattern would probably fill a small book, so the instructions use shorthand phrases and abbreviations. The abbreviations are listed on the pattern with an explanation of what they mean. Many are commonly used, such as k and p (see page 33). Others refer to special stitches, like C4F, and these are explained in the technique or patterns.
Common shorthand phrases cont as set/cont as established instead of repeating the same instructions over and over you must continue to work as previously told. For example: Row I K. Row 2 R Cont in st st as set. keeping patt correct continue with a stitch pattern, keeping it correctly worked over the correct amount of stitches, whilst doing something that may interfere with the stitch pattern (see page 74). at the same time two things must be done at the same time. For example, decreasing at an armhole edge and decreasing at a neck edge.
work straight/work even continue without increasing or decreasing.
work as given for to avoid repeating instructions. For example, the front is often worked as given for the back up to a certain point reversing all shaping shaping is given for one piece and the other piece must be shaped to be a mirror image of it. For example, the left and right side of the neck, or the left and right front of a cardigan.
Knitting patterns are usually written in more than one size, with the smallest size first (outside the brackets) and the remaining sizes inside square brackets, separated by colons.The largest size is at the end. For example, if the sizes are S [M:L:XL], the chest measurements could be 30 [32:34:36] in (76 [82:87:92] cm).Your size will always appear in the same place in the bracket; instructions for the first size will always be first, for the second size they will be second, etc. If a pattern is written in both imperial and metric measurements, stick to one or the other; some imperial to metric measurements are not exact conversions.
Square brackets are used within the instructions to indicate the number of stitches and rows to be worked, or how many times a pattern is repeated, for each size. For example, cast on 90 [92:94:96] sts, or work patt I [2:3:4] times. If a zero appears for your size do not work the instruction it is referring to. For example, dec 3 [0:1:2] sts. If only one figure appears then it refers to all sizes. Read through the pattern and underline or highlight your size in the square brackets.
Knitting patterns should have a drawing of the knitted pieces with their finished measurements.These help to decide
Stitch chart with symbols which size is best for you or if you need to alter things like body or sleeve length. They also show the shape of the pieces and make the written instructions clearer. If your pattern does not have size diagrams, it is a good idea to draw your own, using the finished measurements given and adding any others by using the gauge (tension) information.
A knitting pattern may contain a stitch chart which is similar to a colour pattern. A stitch chart is an illustration of a cable, a lace pattern or a texture pattern with each stitch being represented by a symbol, which usually reflects the texture of the stitch. A knit stitch often appears as a blank square, whilst a purl stitch is a dot or horizontal dash. The key tells you what each symbol means. Imagine looking at the right side of a knitted piece; each symbol represents the stitch as it appears on the right side of the work. A whole garment may be charted like this or just one repeat of the stitch pattern. Each square is one stitch on your needle. Decreases are shown after they have been worked and so appear as one square. Yam overs are shown as a new stitch and so occupy one square. Beginning at the bottom right-hand corner, right side rows are read from right to left and wrong side rows from left to right. Colour charts are covered on page 37.
Stitch chart with symbols
Back and Front
Back and Front
See pages 4CMI for Cables and a guide to the abbreviations.
KNITTING A GARMENT
Reading through a knitting pattern for the first time can seem a bit daunting. There's a lot of information given but it also assumes you know a lot, too. Use this pattern as a guide to knitting a garment, from choosing the yarn to sewing it up. This is a pattern for a close-fitting stockinette (stocking) stitch sweater with waist shaping, set in sleeves and a turtleneck. The instructions as they would appear in a knitting pattern are set in boxes, the text below explains what is meant.
Order of knitting... The written instructions take you through the construction of a garment piece by piece. Garments are usually knitted in the same order, back, front and sleeves, and often one piece will contain cross-references to another which has already been knitted, if they are both worked the same. For example, for a front it might say work in rib as given for back. When the main pieces have been worked, the finishing is done.The pieces are blocked and the garment is made up with any other details like neckband, pockets or button bands added.
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