Basic Information

NOTES

Figures for larger sizes are given in round () brackets. Where only one figure appears, this applies to all sizes. Work figures given in square [ ] brackets the number of times stated afterwards. Where 0 appears, no stitches or rows are worked for this size.

The yarn amounts given in the instructions are based on average requirements and should therefore be considered approximate.

TENSION

Each pattern in this book specifies a tension - the number of stitches and rows per centimetre/inch that should be obtained with the given needles, yarn and stitch pattern. Check your tension carefully before commencing work.

Use the same yam, needles and stitch pattern as those to be used for the main work and knit a sample at least 12.5cm/5in square. Smooth out the finished sample on a flat surface, but do not stretch it. To check the tension, place a ruler horizontally on the sample and mark 10cm/4in across with pins. Count the number of stitches between the pins. To check the row tension, place a ruler vertically on the sample and mark 10cm/4in with pins. Count the number of rows between the pins. If the number of stitches and rows is greater than specified, try again using larger needles; if less, use smaller needles. The stitch tension is the most important element to get right.

IMPORTANT

Check on the ball band for washing instructions. After washing, pat garments into shape and dry flat, away from direct heat.

Rowan Denim will shrink and fade when it is washed, just like a pair of jeans. Unlike many 'denim look' yarns, this one uses real indigo dye, which only coats the surface of the yarn, leaving a white core that is gradually exposed through washing and wearing.

When washed for the first time, the yam will shrink by up to one-fifth in length; the width, however, will remain the same. All the necessary adjustments have been made in the instructions for the patterns specially designed for Denim.

The knitted pieces should be washed separately at a temperature of 60-70°C (140-158°F) before you sew the garment together. The pieces can then be tumble-dried. Dye loss will be greatest during the initial wash; the appearance of the garment will, however, be greatly enhanced with additional washing and wearing. The cream denim yam will shrink in the same way but will not fade.

KNITTING TERMS

A few specific knitting or crochet terms may be unfamiliar to some readers. The list below explains the abbreviations used in this book to help the reader understand how to follow the various stitches and stages.

Standard abbreviations alt = alternate beg = begin(ning) cont = continue dec = decreas(e)ing foll(s) = follow(s)ing gst = garter stitch inc = increas(e)ing by working into front and back of stitch k = knit kwise = knitwise ml = make one by picking up the loop lying between st just worked and next st and working into the back of it patt = pattern p = purl pwise = purlwise psso = pass slipped stitch over rem = remaining rep = repeat skpo = slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over si = slip st(s) = stitch(es) st st = stocking stitch tbl = through back of loop tog = together yb = yam back yf = yam forward yon = yam over needle yrn = yam round needle

The following terms may be unfamiliar to US readers

Swiss Darning

Bring needle out to front at base of stitch to be covered. Insert needle under the base of stitch above, then back at base. Emerge at base of next stitch to be covered.

UK terms ball band cast off DK wool double crochet stitch make up (garment) rib stocking stitch tension

US terms yam wrapper bind off knitting worsted yam single crochet stitch finish (garment) ribbing stockinette stitch gauge

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