Knitting basics

There are only two basic stitches in knitting knit and purl. All knitted fabrics are made using combinations, or variations, of these stitches. To begin, you need to learn how to hold your needles and yarn. Most garments are knitted with two needles (see page 13 to create tubular knitting with four needles). If you are right handed, hold the needle with the existing stitches in your left hand and the working needle and yarn in your right hand. Most people thread the yarn through the right hand,...

Needle types and sizes

Knitting needles come in a range of sizes, from very fine to really fat (see list opposite). A range of materials are used for them, including steel, plastic and, most recently, bamboo (as shown below). It is important to choose needles that feel comfortable in your hands, and that allow the stitches to slide along easily. The type of yarn and style of pattern will determine the needle size you use. Generally, most garments require an average-size needle. The edges on a garment are often...

Knitting abbreviations

The following are the knitting abbrevations used in this book, plus some extra commonly used ones. Special abbreviations are always given within the pattern. alt alternate approx approximately beg begin s ning C contrasting shade of yarn cm centimetre s cn cable needle cont continu e ing dec decreas eHing foil follow s iing g gram s g st garter stitch k every row in inch es inc increas e ing in row instructions k or p into front and back of st to increase one k knit knit up pick up and knit...

Picking up and knitting stitches

When you pick up and knit along cast-off stitches across the front and back of the neck, knit through both loops. This will avoid loose stitches and ladder-like holes. A shaped edge where decreases have been worked has an alternate long and short stitch. Knit through all loops as required, spacing them evenly, but work twice into long loops for more stitches or omit some of the long loops for less. When picking up and knitting stitches along the straight side of the neck through rows , insert...