Pattern instructions

Some of the patterns which follow have been collected from knitters and museums throughout the Nordic countries, while others were developed especially for this book. For this reason, there are some variations in sizing. All of the sweaters marked with an asterisk are knitted following the basic model given below. For all other patterns, the size and measurements are given in the instructions. In the pattern diagrams, 1 square equals 1 stitch. k knit p purl st stitch rnd round yo yarn over ssk...

Star Pattern Mans Stocking

Nordic Stocking Chart

Photo page 53 Instructions from Rauma Size Man's large Yarn 3-ply wool yarn at about 1000 yd lb, 200 g 7 oz each dark and light Needles Dpn 2.5 mm US 2 Gauge 34 sts and 38 rows 10 cm 4 in Cast on 88 sts with the dark yarn and work k2, p2 ribbing for 10 rnds. Inc evenly over the next rnd to 92 sts and knit 8 rnds in stockinette. Then begin the pattern following the diagram. After 8 pattern rnds, inc 2 sts every other rnd 6 times. The incs are made at the back between the 2 seed-pattern lines....

Entrelac Knitting

What is special about entrelac basketweave knitting is that every square of the pattern is completely knitted before the next one is begun. The technique is especially suitable for stockings and other garments which need quite a bit of elasticity. Using dark yarn, cast on 66 sts on a cn 11 squares with 6 sts each. You need an uneven number of squares so that two squares of the same color don't come together when you're knitting in the round. Knit one rnd after casting-on rnd. The 1st rnd is...

Conversion Chart For Needle Sizes

Needle sizes given in the patterns are recommended as starting points for you to make your gauge tension samples before you begin to knit the garment. If you can't obtain the given gauge tension , try a different needle size. It really is well worth going to the trouble of matching gauge tension care taken at this stage will prevent needless disappointment later from strangely sized garments. Cast off Alternate rows Tension Stocking stitch Other terms are the same in both countries.

Ljusdal Cardigan

Nordic Stitch Patterns

Size 36 40 42 44 Actual Measurements 90 Length 45 50 55 cm 173 4 19 4 2m in Yam 2-ply wool yarn at about 14-5 yd lb 400 g 14 oz red, 200 z - white, 200 g 7 oz green Needles Cns 80 and 40 cm, 2 mm or 2.5 mm 32 and 16 in, US 0 or 2 dpn 2 mm or 2.5 mm US 0 or 2 Gauge 30 sts 10 cm 4 in Body Cast on 300 315 330 sts on the longer cn. Knit 1 rnd with red yarn, purl 1 rnd with white. Repeat 6x. Then knit 5 mds in stockinette with red. Work pattern III in white, 10 rnds red, pattern III with green, 10...

Jacket with Knitted Sleeves

Cardigan Sewing Pattern Dowl

Photo page 64 Design and Instructions by Anne Deval and Mette Olsen. Pattern for the sleeves is from the Dalarna Museum. Size XS 12 years S 34-36 M 38-40 L 42 child 4-6 years 90 97 103 cm 333 4 35V2 38 40V4 in Width child's size 65 cm 251 5 in 59 61 64 cm 211 2 231 4 24 251 4 in Length child's size 37 cm 14VSin The jacket has sleeves knitted in the round which are sewn onto a lined cloth body. Sewing Instructions Begin by drawing the pattern to full scale on paper and cut it out. The neck...

Triangular Shawl

Instructions from the Norwegian Handicraft Union, adapted from a shawl in the Norwegian Folk Museum's collections. Yarn 2-ply wool yarn at about 1750 yd lb, about 300 g 11 oz Needles 2 ens 80 cm, 3.5 mm 32 in, US 5 crochet hook 3 mm Cast on 580 sts. Mark the center with a contrasting thread. Knit back and forth for 16 rows in garter st. Begin the decs on the 2nd row bind off 2 sts at the beginning of the row, knit until 2 sts before the center, ssk, k2 tog on the 2 sts after the center marking,...

Denmark

Nordic Knitting Susanne Pagoldh

IN A CRYPT in Faarevelje Church on Sjael-land lie the mummified remains of a man. According to legend, he was the Earl of Bothwell, a Scottish nobleman who abducted Queen Mary Stuart and forced her to marry him. He eventually fled Scotland, sailing via the Orkney and Shetland Islands to Bergen and Copenhagen in 1567. He was then arrested and imprisoned in Denmark until his death in 1578. But more interesting than his identity are the knitted stockings he wore for burial. His grave has been...

Selbu Glove

Photo page 53 Instructions from Rauma Size Woman's Yarn 3-ply wool yarn at about 1000 yd lb, 50 g 2 oz each dark and light Cast on 48 sts with the light yarn and rib k2, p2 for 7 cm 2 in, adding dark stripes as shown in the diagram. Inc 3 sts on the next rnd and knit the little chain pattern. Dec 1 st in the next plain light row. Then knit the pattern beginning at the arrow. Knit the first row of the pattern for the back of the hand, with the edge st at the left side. Then begin the gusset for...

Pattern

Photo page SO Instructions from Rauma Size about 12 years Measurements chest 96 cm 38 in length 52 cm 20Vi in sleeve width widest point 40 cm 15 in sleeve length 47 cm 18V2 in Yarn 3-ply wool yarn at about 1000 yd lb, 250 g 9 oz blue, about 150 g 6 oz white Needles Cn 80 cm, 2.5 mm and 3 mm 32 in, US 2 and 3 dpn 2.5 mm and 3 mm US 2 and 3 Gauge 23 sts 10 cm 4 in The cardigan is knitted in the round and cut open afterward. The sleeves are knitted starting at the top and sewn in. Body Using blue...

Knit Caps Protest

Instructions written by Merete Liitken Size about 54 cm 21 ' 4 in Yarn 3-ply wool yam at about 1000 yd lb, about 100 g 4 oz Needles Cn 40 cm, 2.5 mm and 3 mm 16 in, US 2 and 3, or the same size dpn Gauge 24 sts 10 cm 4 in Cast on 116 sts on cn 2.5 mm US 2 and rib kl, pi for about 3 cm lVi in. Change to cn 3 mm US 3 and inc to 124 sts evenly spaced around. Knit in stockinette until the cap measures about 20 cm 8 in. Mark the sides of the cap, having the same number of sts on each side, and begin...

Iceland

Iceland Mitten Fisherman

THE FIRST NORDIC settlers came to Iceland from Norway sometime during the ninth century. They crossed the Atlantic n open boats, bringing sheep and other domesticated animals with them. Trade in sheep, wool, and woolen goods has been lively since that time. The sagas were written in Icelandic, a west Nordic language which has retained many old forms. The oldest piece of knitting found in Iceland is a simply knitted wool mitten dating from the first half of the sixteenth century. The mitten was...

Ullared Sweater

Yarn 2-ply wool yarn at about 1600 yd lb, about 350 g 13 oz each black and rust red Needles Cn 80 cm, 2.5 mm and 3 mm 32 in, US 2 and 3 40 cm, 3 mm 16 in, US 3 dpn 2.5 mm and 3 mm US 2 and 3 Gauge 30 sts and 32 rows 10 cm 4 in The sweater is knitted in the round. The armholes are cut open and the sleeves are sewn in. The sleeves are knitted starting at the lower edge. Body Cast on 334 356 372 sts on cn 2.5 mm US 2. Work in k3, pi ribbing for 7.5 cm 3 in. Work the ribbing in stripes with rust...

Finland

Portom Finland

Its knitted sweaters and mittens are imbued with colors and patterns that beckon one eastward. Their colors are stronger and more '. jjninous than in the rest of Scandinavia. In N amp dendal, a little city just north of Abo, there was a Birgittine cloister which was famous for its stockings and mittens. After the Reformation. when the cloisters lost their large estates, the nuns began to produce stockings and mittens to remain self-supporting. There is some dispute...

Setesdal Sweater

Instructions written by Merete Liitken Yarn 3-ply wool yarn at about 1000 yd lb, 250 g 9 oz white and 450 g 16 oz black Needles Cn 80 cm, 3 mm and 3.5 mm 32 in, US 3 and 5 40 cm, 3 mm and 3.5 mm 16 in, US 3 and 5 spn 3 mm and 3.5 mm US 3 and 5. Gauge 25 sts 10 cm 4 in The sweater is knitted in the round, and the armhole is cut open. The sleeves are knitted in the round from the top down. The front of the sweater may be cut open for a cardigan, and both the front edges and cuffs may be decorated...

Aland

Ransacked once or twice by folk life enthusiasts, and typical old garments were collected by the Finnish-Swedish folk costume collective in Brages, very few mittens and sweaters have been preserved. Perhaps knitting was not considered sufficiently authentic or perhaps sticksom, as it was called, was deposed by crochet, which was considered stylish for women's clothing in the nineteenth century. Aland's museum has only a few pairs of knitted wool mittens in its collection. Some have little...

Lovikka Mitten

Size Child's or woman's small Yarn unspun wool singles at about 1550 yd lb 2375 m kilo , 100 g 4 oz Needles Dpn 3.5 US 5 The mittens are knitted with two ends of the kardband, sliver, roving, or unspun singles yarn which are wound into a ball and knitted doubled use the end from the inside and the end from the outside of the ball together . Cast on 32 sts, evenly divided on four needles. Purl 2 mds and then knit 9 rnds for the cuff. Turn the work so that the cuff's wrong side is facing out,...

Faroese Sweater

Yarn 3-ply worsted weight wool yarn in two colors, approximately 400 g 14 oz of each Needles Cn 80 cm, 3.5 mm and 4.5 mm 32 in, US 5 and 7 40 cm, 4.5 mm 16 in, US 7 dpn 3.5 mm and 4.5 mm US 5 and 7 Gauge 20 sts and 20 rows 10 cm 4 in The entire sweater is knitted in the round. The sleeves are knitted from the cap and sewn in. Body Cast on 220 236 248 sts on longer cn 3.5 mm US 5 and work in kl, pi ribbing for 7 cm 2 in. Change to cn 4.5 mm US 7 and knit 1 rnd in the main color and then continue...

Beaded Wrist Warmers

Yarn 2-ply wool yam at about 1600 yd lb, 50 g 2 oz Needles Spn 2 mm US 0 crochet hook 2 mm Gauge 27 sts and 30 rows 10 cm 4 in You will also need 2 bags of small beads and a needle for threading them. The beaded wrist warmers are knitted in garter st as rectangles about 13 cm 5 in x 18 cm 7 in,then sewn into a ring and trimmed. The beads are drawn forward from the back side and sit on the strand between 2 sts. The beads are invisible on the inside of the finished wrist warmers. Begin by...

The faroe islands

Nordic Scandinavian Cross Stitch

ACCORDING TO AN old saying, Sheep's wool is Faroese gold. As far back as the old Faroese sagas, people talked of the trading between Norway and the Faroe Islands Faroese wool and woolen goods were exchanged for timber to build houses and boats. The islands are spread out halfway between Scotland and Iceland and are devoid of bushes and trees because the Atlantic winds sweep over the green mountainsides. However, the Gulf Stream keeps the climate mild, damp, and changeable. Faroese, a west...

Selbu Mitten

Selbu Mitten Chart

Photo page 53 Size Woman's Man's Yarn 2- or 3-ply wool yarn at about 1000 yd lb, 35 g 2 oz each light and dark Needles dpn 1.75 mm or 2 mm US 00 or 0 Gauge 17 sts and 19 rows 5 cm 2 in With dark yam, cast on 64 80 sts evenly divided on four dpn. Knit the wrist following the diagram. On the last dark-only rnd after the star pattern of the wrist, dec 4 sts evenly Continue following the diagram, putting the star pattern on the back of the hand and working the palm in the striped designs without...

Skleistur Slippers

Photo page 26 Instructions written by Nicolina Jensen. Design from S0rvag. Size Adult Yarn 3-ply worsted weight wool yarn in two colors Needles Dpn 3.5 mm US 5 Cast on 9 sts with the main color and knit the two-color pattern, following the diagram for the heel back and forth on dpn. When 20 rows have been knitted, pick up 18 sts along the sides of the heel. Now knit back and forth with three dpn in the combined patterns for another 28 rows, continuing the heel pattern on the bottom of the foot...

Lace Wrist Warmers

Photo page 39 Instructions written by Elsa E. GuSjonsson. Taken from an Icelandic pattern from the first half of the twentieth century. Yarn 2-ply wool yarn at about 1600 yd lb in 3-6 shades Needles Dpn 1.5 mm or 2 mm US 00 or 0 The original wrist warmers, which were knitted in very fine handspun Icelandic wool, used six different natural colors white, light gray, light brown, brown, dark brown, and natural black. They are knitted in the round with 96 sts and are 17 cm 6 in long. The ribbed...

Yarn Equivalents

Lapland Needlework Linen

The following table lists the equivalent US and UK yarns in terms of thickness. When substituting yarns, it is essential that you check gauge tension before you buy enough for the Knitting worsted Double knitting DK wrist warmers, both patterned and unpatterned, were worn over the gap between the mittens and the lower arm. Rya mittens were marvelously warm and practical. These wool gauntlets had patterns in a contrasting color scattered over the hand and thumb. Such lice or seed patterns were...

Basic Model

The following sizes for the basic model sweater are used for all patterns marked with an asterisk S small M medium L large Medium size can fit both a man 180 cm 6 ft tall and of average weight as well as a 14-year-old 160 cm 5 ft, 4 in tall who likes large sweaters. However, the sleeve length will have to be adjusted somewhat depending on the wearer's arm length. The sweaters described here are generally fitted and rather short, with straight sewn-in sleeves. If you prefer a below-the-hip...

Greenland Sweater

Yarn 3-ply worsted weight wool yarn, 900 g 32 oz in two colors Needles Cn 80 cm, 3.5 mm and 4.5 mm 32 in, US 5 and 7 dpn 3.5 mm and 4.5 mm US 5 and 7 Gauge 20 sts and 22 rows 10 cm 4 in The sweater is knitted in the round, and the armholes are cut open. The sleeves are knitted from the top down and sewn in. See the instructions for the basic model, for which this sweater was used as an example. Variations of the sweater are also detailed in that section. Body Cast on 220 236 248 sts on cn 3.5...

Korsnas Sweater

Korsn Sweaters

Yarn 3-ply fingering weight superwash wool yarn, 300 g 11 oz natural white, 450 g 16 oz red, 300 g 11 oz green, 100 g 4 oz yellow, 50 g 2 oz light red Needles Cns 80 and 40 cm, 2 mm or 2.5 mm 32 and 16 in, US 0 or 2 crochet hook 2 mm or 2.5 mm Gauge knitting 32 sts and 40 rows 10 cm 4 in single crochet 32 sts and 25 rows 10 cm 4 in Stitch count Body, lower edge 350 sts. Upper sleeve 160-170 sts Neck opening 32 sts The crocheting is worked in the back loops of the sts of the previous row. When...

Faroese Lace Pattern Shawl

Knit Shawl Chart

Photo page 29 Instructions from Faroese Handicrafts, translated and rewritten by Christina West-man-Janson Size Center back length without fringe about 77 cm 30V4 in Yarn 2-ply worsted weight wool yarn, about 400 gT.4 oz Needles 2 ens 80 cm, 5 mm 32 in, US 7 spn 5 mm US 7 crochet hook 4 mm for the fringe The shawl is knitted in garter st and a lace pattern, starting at the bottom. As the lace pattern is rather complicated, make a sample swatch to see how the yarn overs and decs affect the way...

Spjall Gusset Sweater

Yarn 2-ply wool yarn at about 1600 yd lb, approximately 350 g 13 oz each blue and red Needles Cn 80 cm, 2.5 mm and 3 mm 32 in, US 2 and 3 40 cm, 3 mm 16 in, US 3 dpn 2.5 and 3 US 2 and 3 Gauge 30 sts and 32 rows 10 cm 4 in The body of the sweater is knitted in the round the armholes are cut open and the sleeves are knitted directly from the body. The ribbing at the lower edge is knitted onto the bottom of the body. Body Using blue yarn, cast on 332 356 372 sts on cn 3 mm US 3. Mark the sides of...

Gauntlet Mitten with Gotland Patterns

Photo page 62 The pattern is from Hermanna Stengard's collection at Gotland Handicrafts in Visby. Size Woman's Yarn 2-ply wool yam at about 1600 yd lb Needles Dpn 2 mm US 0 The gauntlet is knitted double and has a striped lining. An interesting detail is the little ribbed border which decorates the gauntlet's lower edge. Gauntlet With main color, cast on 56 sts evenly divided on four needles. Knit around and inc 1 st on each needle during the first 3 rnds. Then inc 1 st every other needle,...

Greenland

Vintage Nordic Fisherman

The view from ihe fishing harbor in Nuuk. Photo Susanne Pagc.z GREENLAND IS AN immense island, the world's largest, which lies in the waters between Europe and North America. It is a continent, almost entirely covered with glaciers, a neighbor of Canada, close to the North Pole, and populated by Greenlanders and Danes. The island was a Danish colony for 250 years, and even though it still belongs to Denmark, it has some degree of self-government. The languages spoken there are Danish and...

Icelandic Stitch Knit

Free Lopi Coat Patterns

Pattern-knitted mittens from the western fjords are called laufaviSarvettlingar. leary-wood mittens which evokes vegetation tr s and leaves. Both dyed and undyed yams were used in the wavy patterns which are similar t those in the old pattern books. SigriSur Halldorsdottir, rector of the han- -craft school in Reykjavik, reports that sa I r f mittens had a cross on them for protection - hue they were at sea. Wavy patterns have been use for mittens since the middle of the nineteenth century and...

Sweater with Selbu Patterns

Selbu Patterns

Photo page 52 Instructions from Rauma Size Man's Yarn 3-ply wool yarn at about 1000 yd lb, 500 gA 8 oz dark and 400 g 14 oz light Needles Cn 2 mm and 2.5 mm US 0 and 2 dpn 2 mm and 2.5 mm US 0 and 2 Gauge 24 sts 10 cm 4 in The sweater is knitted in the round and divided at the arm-holes. The original model was cut up the front as a cardigan, buttoned with clasps, and had no neck edging other than binding off. We have decided not to do this but describe both alternatives. Body With cn 2 mm US 0,...

Scandinavia Pattern

Lastic Black

Time slips by, and the knitter forms stitch after stitch, row after row, in colors and patterns as she pleases. A knitter can knit while the world news flashes by or a passionate drama is played out on the TV screen. Knitting can calm you while you wait for your name to be called in a waiting room or airport. As long as the stitch count is correct and the pattern develops regularly, at least one thing is under control. Machines produce clothes more cheaply and quickly. But machines can't copy...

Lopi Sweater

Yarn Bulky weight wool singles at about 600 yd lb Main color 500 500 600 600 600 g 18 18 21 21 21 oz Color 1 200 200 200 200 300 g 7 7 7 7 11 oz Color 2 100 100 100 100 100 g 4 4 4 4 4 oz Needles cn 80 cm, 4.5 mm and 6 mm 32 in, US 7 and 9 40 cm, 6 mm 16 in, US 9 dpn 4.5 mm US 7 Gauge 14 sts and 20 rows 10 cm 4 in The sweater is knitted in the round with the sleeves knitted together with the yoke. The sweater is seamless except for sewing down the neck edge. Body With color 1 and cn 4.5 mm US...

Norway

Setesdals Genser

A view of Bryggen from the fish market in Bergen. Photo Susanne Pagoldh. ITS SCENERY IS magnificent and sheep are numerous. In the damp sea air, a knitted sweater keeps you warm. Norway isn't just ski slopes Its long coastline stretches from the North Sea in the south to the Barents Sea in the north. Dramatically beautiful, it is steep and dangerous in many places. Fishing boats and oil platforms dot its seas. High fells, deep dales, and fjords have all helped to preserve its local character....

Sweden

Hand Sweater 1969

Photo Susanne Pagoldh. THE FOPPISH KING ERIK XIV is reputed to be the first person in Scandinavia to have worn knitted silk stockings. The kings were imported in 1562, just one year ar.er England s Queen Elizabeth I got her first pair. Knitted stockings, which elegantly showed the wearer s legs, were high fashion on the r_rlnent during that time, particularly for men - h wore short trousers. We can t be sure what Erik s stockings looked like, but they must have...