Yarn Equivalents

The following table lists the equivalent US and UK yarns in terms of thickness. When substituting yarns, it is essential that you check gauge (tension) before you buy enough for the whole garment.


Sport 4 ply

Knitting worsted Double knitting (DK)

Fisherman Aran weight

Bulky Chunky wrist warmers, both patterned and unpatterned, were worn over the gap between the mittens and the lower arm.

Rya mittens were marvelously warm and practical. These wool gauntlets had patterns in a contrasting color scattered over the hand and thumb. Such lice or seed patterns were called bird's-eyes, or linnunsilmia in Finnish. This pattern was simply referred to as seed stitch in the Swedish-speaking parts of Finland, and the mittens were called rasat in Virdois in central Finland. On rya mittens, each bird's-eye was made with a length of yarn 8-12 cm (3-5 in) long whose ends hung loose inside the mitten. These yarn lengths made the warming rya "rug" on the inside.

Patterned wool mittens were knitted in many areas. In south Osterbotten and Kymmenedalen, the mittens were particularly striking. In Kymmenedalen, the mittens were commonly made as wedding gifts. A great deal of care went into decorating them with checks, latticework, stars, and crosses. In south Osterbotten, the mit

Lapland Needlework Linen

tens showed scrolls of lustrous colors curved around the black or white ground. Bands of birds, flowers, twisted shapes, and garlands surrounded the wrist and hand sections.

Women in the larger towns wore gloves for holidays and holy days, even in warm weather. Summer mittens were white, knitted or made in n&lbinding with linen, cotton, or wool yarn.

The women's holiday gloves from Karelia had yarn tassels on the fingertips. White, black, or gray wool was used for knitting mittens in southern Karelia. The holiday gloves from the Karelian Isthmus were richly decorated with pattern-knit-ted stars, roses, and two-end-knitted patterns over the hand and wrist while the fingers were left single-colored.

The Laplanders in Finnish Lapland have known the art of knitting for quite some time. Shoe hay has been replaced by knitted stockings and mittens. Skolt Laplanders, a group who accepted the Greek Orthodox faith, spun sheep's wool on spindles and made their own stockings. Both Skolt and Enare Laplanders wore mittens of natural white wool patterned with two-end knitting or designs in several bright yellow, red, blue, and green shades. These mittens have plaited cords with tassels and look like Swedish Lovikka mittens.

A pattern drawn from an engagement stocking from Wehma in the Egentliga district of Finland. The stockings were knitted in wool with patterns in dark blue on a white ground. The seams are well marked on the back of the leg, and zigzag patterns form wedges as the increases were made for the calf muscles. Such stockings were worn with knee trousers. This garment is in Abo's provincial museum.

(left) A pattern graphed from a tassel-tipped glove in Abo's provincial museum (see color picture, p. 78).

Nordic Knitting Chart


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  • ilse jauho
    What is the equivalent to nordick wool?
    3 years ago

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