Stocking stitch is knitted by working one row in knit and purling the following row. It produces a fabric that is smooth on one side (the knitted side) and tightly looped on the reverse (the purl side).T-shirt fabric, tights and 1980s leggings are all commercial examples of stocking stitch. The knit side is usually considered to be the 'right' side but sometimes the purl side is used for the main side - then the pattern is referred to as 'reverse stocking stitch'.
Rib patterns create a series of vertical ridges in a fabric. They are produced when units of knit and purl stitches are alternated along one row. On the following row knit stitches are purled and purl stitches are knitted. The ratio of knit to purl may be even, for example in 1 x 1, 2 x 2 and 3x3 ribs that all involve alternating equal numbers of knit and purl stitches (see below), or it may be uneven (see top of page 21). Sometimes an extra stitch, or unit of stitches, is added to the end of a rib to give symmetrical balance - this would be required, for example, when knitting the welt of a jumper. Ribbed fabrics are much looser and more elastic if worked on the same-size needles as those used for stocking or garter stitch with the same yarn. For this reason, smaller-sized needles than those given on the yarn label are usually used for rib.
An uneven rib is made up of wider knit ridges that are interspersed with single purl stitches, for example in 2 x 1, 3 x 1, or 4 x 1 ribs. On the following row the stitches are reversed. An uneven rib creates a less elastic fabric, demonstrated in the Wide-Rib Table Runner on page 48, which uses a 5 x 1 rib to give texture. A more elastic rib would be inappropriate to use here.
Stripes come in all widths and colours. The benefit of knitted stripes is that simple stitches can be used in combination with the full creative potential of colour combinations. Many patterns in plain stocking stitch can be reworked creatively with stripes, provided the yarns chosen can be knitted to the same tension as those specified by the pattern. Some plain and blended yarns seem destined to be used together, such as the new cotton yarns used in the Granny's Shopper on page 66.
Fine lurex thread can be knitted along with a plain yarn for stripes with added sparkle, or alternatively just insert one line of a really bright colour as a highlight among neutrals - this is demonstrated in the Striped Chunky Throw on page 42.
In the same way that stripes add interest to simple stitches it is possible to enhance a finished knitted piece with embroidery by using cross stitch or working duplicate stitches over the knitting. There is nothing to stop you using knitted fabric as a base for whatever design takes your fancy, but don't get too carried away and remember that simple is generally best.
Another method of embellishing is to use beads and sequins that are threaded on to the yarn before it is knitted. This is a simple but effective way to create a unique and luxurious effect. The Spider's-Web Evening Scarf on page 72 demonstrates this technique.
The simplest way to create texture is to work in familiar stitches using a textured yarn, as shown in the Wool-Slub Cushion on page 90. Another idea is to combine textures by learning some new stitches, such as those suggested for the Panelled
Baby Blanket on page 82.
Fingerless gloves, a style first made popular in the 1950s, have remained a familiar fashion accessory, carrying a classic appeal that never seems to wane. Maybe this is because they are incredibly practical as well as fun to wear.These fingerless mitts are easy to make - avoiding the complications of working the full finger shapes of each hand!
Main: 1 x 50g (lXoz) ball Jaeger Matchmaker Merino 4-ply, shade 639 Granite
Trim: 1 x 50g (lfcoz) ball Jaeger Baby Merino 4-ply, shade 096 Marigold needles
1 pair 3.25mm/UK 10/US 3 needles tension
Working with 3.25mm/UK 10/ US 3 needles, 36 rows x 28 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square mq oHitcft
Have fun making this cube footstool as a funky accessory. The one shown opposite is a combination of neutral browns and creams spiced up with a taste of hot pink, but you can select colours to suit the room's purpose: primary colours for a child's room, tweed effects for a country style, sleek neutrals for an urban look or fur effects to add character and warmth. With the diverse range of chunky yarns that are available, this project allows you to stamp the personality of your choice on your home.
A: 56 rows x 50 stitches B and E: 80 rows x 68 stitches D: 56 rows x 50 stitches
• For colours C and F knit 45 x 45cm (17'/« x 17'/<in) sections, as follows:
C: 63 rows x 50 stitches F: 90 rows x 68 stitches
A: 2 x lOOg (3J4oz) balls Rowan Big Wool, shade 030 Tricky B: 4 x 50g (lXoz) balls Jaeger Extra Fine Merino Chunky, shade 25 Toast
C: 2 x lOOg (3Koz) balls Rowan Plaid, shade 166 Driftwood D: 2 x lOOg <3'/ioz) balls Rowan Plaid, shade 165 Washed Pebble E: 4 x 50g (lJioz) balls Jaeger Extra Fine Merino Chunky, shade 22 Loam
F: 2 x lOOg (3Koz) hanks Rowan Spun Chunky 981, shade Pebble needles
A: 1 pairgmm/UK 00/US 13 needles
C and D: 1 pair 8mm /UK 0/ US 11 needles F: 1 pair 7-8mm/UK 2-0/ US 10.5-11 needles tip Correct any minor differences in size either by using the steam iron to stretch a section (if you are using a pure wool yarn) or by adjusting the seam allowance, avoiding bulky seams wherever possible.
tip Correct any minor differences in size either by using the steam iron to stretch a section (if you are using a pure wool yarn) or by adjusting the seam allowance, avoiding bulky seams wherever possible.
tension E / rows x 1X stitches make a
1 4in) square [ E £ 20 rows x 15 stitches rr i 10cm (4in> square
7 rows x 12-13 stitches Sn Ocm (4in) square additional
tUi • y foam, the denser the [ be ivailable from upholstery
■ su; i'rs), cut to 40cm height x r 4' dth x 45cm depth (15J<in h 17i .in width x 17Xin depth)
So 9 machine
Always wanted to try knitting socks but afraid to try four needles and complicated shaping? These have a simple fitted style that can be altered according to your shoe size. We used an Aran yarn that is easy to control when you're learning a new technique, knits up satisfyingly quickly and feels great. In circular knitting a stocking-stitch effect is produced without using purl stitches. Once you've tried it, you'll be desperate to find more patterns that will allow you to work with cylinders of fabric.
• Divide the stitches so that 21  will form the base of the toe and 21  the top of the toe. The top 21  stitches are transferred to a stitch holder. Using 2 needles and stocking stitch, decrease 1 stitch at both ends of every following row until 11  remain. Work 4 rows and then increase 1 stitch at both ends of every following row until you have 21  stitches again. e)e<? 5
• Transfer the stitch-holder stitches to the spare needle and arrange them so that they are held behind the 21  toe stitches, ready to be cast off together in knit. Slip the first stitch from the back needle in front of the first stitch of the front needle and knit them together. Repeat for the second stitches and then pass the first stitch on the right-hand needle over the second (in other words a normal cast-off). Repeat until all stitches are cast off.
• Work the second sock in the same way. TO MAKE UP
Steam-iron the pieces to shape before sewing up the heel seams and sewing in any loose ends into the seams.
Trim: 1 x 50g (l'Aoz) ball Jaeger Extra Fine Merino Aran, shade 551 Pandora
Body: 2 x 50g (IKoz) balls Jaeger Extra Fine Merino Aran, shade 539 Honesty needles
1 set of 4 double-pointed needles size 4mm/UK 8/US 6 1 pair 4mm/UK 8/US 6 needles 1 extra single-pointed needle, size 3.25mm/UK 10/US 3 (or smaller)
Working in stocking stitch with 4mm/UK 8/US 6 needles, 25 rows x 19 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square additional materials
Large-eye needle for sewing up
Stitch holder (or large safety pin)
To fit shoe size 3-5 UK (5-7.5 US) (size 6-7 UK (8-9.5 US)] (size 3-5 given first with size 6-7 in square brackets)
30 cMocJumj oMitcfi
Hot Wale x -fBottf. CoA
Hotwater-bottle covers come in all shapes and sizes these days. I have certainly designed a fair number of these comforting 'objects of desire' in response to their unceasing popularity. The softness and sophistication of a pure wool yarn and a slightly retro pattern give this design that all-important cuddle factor that never goes out of fashion.
2 x lOOg (3*oz) balls Rowan Polar wool, shade 650 Smirk needles
1 pair 7.5mm/UK 1/US 11 needles tension
14 rows x 11 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square additional materials
Large-eye needle for sewing up
UXUXIJ oL a n
A neck pillow is always welcome for those moments when you need to sit back and relax, particularly when travelling.The cover for this one is knitted in wool with a pretty basket stitch, but you could easily make it in 4-ply cotton yarn. You will need to make a fabric pillow and choose your favourite filling. A wide variety of suitable fillings are available from craft shops and herbalists - a mixture of heat-treated buckwheat, dried camomile and dried lavender is my favourite.
• Make up a fabric pillow to the length and width of the basket-stitch middle section. Using a spare length of fabric, cut out a rectangle twice the length of, and slightly wider than, the basket-stitch section. Fold the strip in half with right sides facing and then machine sew the raw edges. Leave a gap of about 4cm (l'/2in)
1 x 50g QKoz) ball Jaeger Matchmaker Merino 4-ply wool, shade SH747 Bloom neeoles
1 pair 3.75mm/UK 9 /US 5 needles tension
31 rows x 26 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square additional materials
Length of linen or cotton fabric to make an inner pillow Suitable filling; here a mixture of buckwheat, dried camomile and lavender was used Kitchen funnel or cut-off end of a small plastic mineral-water bottle Sewing machine Thread to match yarn Large-eye needle for sewing up Sewing needle Pins
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This unfussy contemporary throw is perfect for accessorizing the end of a bed or a sofa. Stripes of plain and blended chunky yarns are linked using bright highlights and an interesting random texture is created using stocking stitch, garter and reverse garter stitch.
Sew in the loose ends of yarn on the reverse side of the throw. Do this by weaving the threaded sewing needle through the backs of the knitted stitches for about 10cm (4in), working across the row of matching yarn. c>e« 3
VARNSlin order of first use)
A: 9 x lOOg <3Xoz> balls Rowan Biggy Print, shade SH258 Sheep B: 2 x 50g (lXoz) balls Rowan Cotton Tape, shade SH543 Shadow (rewind the ball into 2 approximately equal balls) C: 7 x lOOg (3vioz) balls Rowan Biggy Print, shade SH250 Swirl 0: 3 x lOOg (3'/ioz> balls Rowan Biggy Print, shade SH244 Glum
E: 4 x lOOg (3!4oz) balls Rowan Plaid, shade SH163 Soft Kelp F: 1 x 50g (lKoz) ball Jaeger Extrafine Merino Aran, shade 551 Pandora (rewind the ball into 2 approximately equal balls) G: 2 x 50g (lXoz) balls Rowan Cotton Tape, shade SH544 Bamboo (rewind the ball into 2 approximately equal balls)
H: 2 x lOOg (3'/ioz) balls Rowan Plaid, shade SH165 Washed Pebbles
1 pair 12mm/UK 000/US 17 needles
Large-eye sewing needle/bodkin for sewing in loose ends of yarn
Working in stocking stitch using Rowan Biggy Print and 12mm/ UK 000/US 17 needles, 10 rows x 7 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square
200cm length x 90cm width (79in length x 35Kin width)
CSJJL 91 unn
This runner can be used to bring a flash of colour to a room or to coordinate with the rest of your dining accessories. The wide rib adds texture and the bands of narrower ribbing on the side edges ensure that the runner lies flat. The pattern can also be adapted to make tablemats, which look effective when worked in a solid colour or with matching bands of colour.
5 x 1 rib using 1 x 1 rib edges and knit to a length of 30cm (12in).
TO MAKE UP
Press out the runner using a steam iron. e>«« 3 Allow each section to cool before moving it - this will help the sides stay flat.
Main yarn A: 4 x 50g (IKoz) balls Rowan Cotton Tape, shade 542 String
B: 1 x 50g (ly.oz) ball Rowan Cotton Tape, shade 543 Shadow C: 1 x 50g (l/.oz) ball Rowan Cotton Tape, shade 555 Fever 0:1 x 50g (ly.oz) ball Rowan Cotton Tape, shade 553 Acidic needles
1 pair 6.5mm/UK 3/US lO'/i needles tension
Working in 5 x 1 rib, 26 rows x 15 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square
The trick with legwarmers is to leave the pastels of the 1980s behind! These are sized to fit an 'average' size 10/12 leg but they are easy to make wider or longer according to your requirements. The ribs are knitted here as different lengths, but you can easily adapt them to the desired measurements.
4 rows of stripe-1 yarn and 2 rows of stripe-2 yarn. Continue until the striped section is approximately 20cm (8in) long.
• However long you decide to make the finished item, end with a block of 4 rows of stripe-1 yarn.
Rib: 1 x 50g (lXoz) ball Jaeger Alpaca 4-ply, shade 390 Crush Stripe 1:1 x 50g (lfcoz) ball Jaeger Matchmaker Merino Double Knitting, shade 888 Parma
Stripe 2:1 x 50g (lfcoz) ball Jaeger Matchmaker Merino Double Knitting, shade 893 Flax needles
1 pair 2.75mm/UK 12/US 2 needles
1 pair 4.5mm/UK 7/US 7 needles tension
Using stripe-1 yarn and working in stocking stitch with 4.5mm/ UK 7/US 7 needles, 28 rows x 20 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square additional materials
Large-eye needle for sewing up
Keep your teapot and boiled eggs warm with this bright, mood-enhancing accessory for retro-style entertaining. These machine-washable cotton garter-stripe cosies are knitted in two pieces, starting off with a wide rib and continuing in garter stitch. Measure the height and circumference of your teapot before starting work to ensure that the cosy will be a snug fit.
PATTERN (TEA COSY)
Rib: 1 x 50g (l'Xoz) ball Jaeger Siena 4-ply, shade 424 Borage
Stripe 1:1 x 50g (lKoz) ball Jaeger Siena 4-ply, shade 426 Meadow
Stripe 2:1 x 50g (lXoz) ball Jaeger Siena 4-ply, shade 419 Cream needles
1 pair 4mm/UK 8/US 6 needles 1 pair 5mm/UK 6/US 8 needles tension
Working in garter stitch with 4mm/UK 8/US 6 needles, 30 rows x 19 stitches make a 10cm (4in) square additional materials
Large-eye needle for sewing up
Stitch holder or a large safety pin
17cm (7in) height x 25cm (lOin) width and circumference approximately 50cm (20in)
You can make several egg cosies in the same yarn and design using any leftover yarn.
PATTERN (EGG COSY)
• Change to stripe-1 yarn and work in garter stitch (all rows knit) for 6 rows. Change to stripe-2 yarn and work a further row of garter stitch.
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With this project you can transform a simple lampshade into something special by means of a subtly striped cover. The varying densities of the silk and mohair yarns give the shade a very different look when the lamp is switched on. If you work through the calculations below, you can knit a perfectly fitted cover for any size shade.
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