Ladderresist structures

The fine smooth filaments in plain knit ladies' hosiery structures make them very susceptible to laddering. It is therefore important to reduce this tendency without impairing either the appearance or the extension and recovery properties of the structure too greatly [2].

Any stitch that reduces the likelihood of one loop being withdrawn through another (for example tight knitting), or that spreads the tension (knitting on alternate needles), will produce ladder-resist properties from the end knitted last. An alternate knit-and-miss or knit-and-tuck structure will be ladder-proof from the end knitted first.

Float-plated fishnet (Fig. 9.3) is one popular ladder-resist structure; all needles take the fine yarn (for example 15 denier) whereas alternate (or in the case of patterned fishnet - selected) needles rise high enough to take the thicker yarn (for example 30 denier). The two yarns are knitted in a plating relationship. This structure is popular for use in stockings to produce an anti-ladder band that prevents ladders from running down from the top of the leg.

1 x 1 Cross tuck is another ladder-resist structure, where alternate needles tuck at alternate courses.

Micromesh is similar although less effective because it contains less tuck stitches. In this structure, the tuck stitches spiral around the leg, reducing light reflectance and presenting an attractive appearance. There is usually a course of all-knitting in between each course of tuck stitches; the notation given in Fig. 21.2 shows the popular 3 x 1 micromesh.



Fig. 21.2 Notation of 3 x 1 micromesh.

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