The knitted loop structure may not always be noticeable because of the effect of structural fineness, fabric distortion, additional pattern threads or the masking effect of finishing processes. However, unless the intermeshing of the loops is securely achieved by the needles receiving new loops of yarn into their hooks before the old loops are 'cast-off', and the ground structure is not fractured during finishing or wear, a breakdown or separation of the structure will result.
The properties of a knitted structure are largely determined by the interdependence of each stitch to its neighbours on either side and above and below it.
Knitted loops are arranged in rows, roughly equivalent to the weft and warp of woven structures. These are termed 'courses' and 'wales' respectively.
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