The principles of frame knitting

Figure 2.3 shows a side view of the knitting elements. After the weft yarn has been laid by hand across the horizontally-mounted needle bed, thin metal sinkers descend

Fig. 2.3 The action of frame knitting.

(in direction A) individually between each pair of adjacent needles to kink or sink it into a loop shape around each needle stem. Each sinker is caused to descend because it is hinged at its upper end to a pivoted jack that is lifted at its outer end by a wedge-shaped piece of iron termed a slurcock.

The slurcock is traversed backwards and forwards (direction B) across the needle bed width by a rope. A forward motion of the sinkers (in direction C) takes the new loops under the beards. The beard is then closed by the presser bar.

Figure 2.4 shows a general view of the hand frame. There are three foot-pedals. After the weft yarn has been laid across, the right pedal is pressed down causing the rope attached to it to turn the wheel clockwise and draw the slurcock from left to

Fig. 2.4 Hand frame (c. 1820) [Copyright: Leicestershire Museums, Art Galleries and

Record Service].

Fig. 2.4 Hand frame (c. 1820) [Copyright: Leicestershire Museums, Art Galleries and

Record Service].

right. For the next row of loops, the slurcock is traversed across from right to left by pressing down the left foot-pedal after the yarn has been laid across. This turns the wheel in the opposite direction. The middle pedal causes the presser bar to be lowered to press and close the needle beards.

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