The two methods of yarn feeding

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As mentioned in Section 4.3.2, yarn feeding involves either (a) moving the needles past the stationary yarn feed or (b) moving the yarn past the stationary needle bed.

When the yarn moves past the needles, the fabric will be stationary because the loops hang from the needles. This arrangement exists on all warp knitting machines, and on weft knitting machines with straight beds and circular machines with stationary cylinders and dials.

On straight machines of both weft and warp type, the yarn-carrier or guide has a reciprocating traversing movement that takes it towards and away from a suitably-placed yarn supply. On stationary cylinder and dial machines, however, the yarn supply packages must rotate in order to keep with the continuously revolving yarn feeds.

Because the latch needle beds of these flat and circular weft knitting machines are thus stationary, it is necessary to reciprocate the cam-carriage and revolve the cam-boxes so that the needle butts of the stationary tricks pass through. The needles are thus reciprocated to rise and receive the yarn at the exact moment when the traversing yarn feed is passing by (Fig. 4.4).

Most circular weft knitting machines have revolving needle cylinders and stationary cams, feeders and yarn packages. In this case, the fabric tube must revolve with the needles, as must the fabric rollers and take-up mechanism.

Knitting Mechanism
Fig. 4.4 Simple hand-turned Griswold type machine [Walter Bulwer, Leicestershire Polytechnic]. T = stationary needle tricks; C = revolving cam-box; F = revolving feeder; D = replaceable dial and needles; B = technical back of plain fabric.

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