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Cluster Eyelets Knit
Eyelet weave

Cast on a multiple of 6 sts plus 1. (Try 49 sts.) Row 1 (WS) K2, * P3, K3, repfrom *to last 5 sts, P3, K2. Row 2 P2, * K3, P3; repfrom * to last 5 sts, K3, P2. Row 3 K2, * P3, K3, rep from * to last 5 sts, P3, K2. Row 4 K2, *yo, sl 1, k2tog, psso.yo, K3; rep from *to last 5 sts.yo, sl 1, k2tog, psso.yo, K2. Row 5 P2, * K3, P3; repfrom * to last 5 sts, K3, P2. Row 6 K2, * P3, K3; repfrom * to last 5 sts, P3, K2. Row 7 P2, * K3, P3; repfrom * to last 5 sts, K3, P2. Row 8 K2tog, *yo, K3,yo, sl 1, k2tog, psso; repfrom * to last 5 sts.yo, K3,yo, sl 1, Kl, psso. These 8 rows form the pattern.

Cross Stitcb Com

Sea shell

Cast on a multiple of 6 sts plus 1. (Try 49 sts.) Row 1(RS) Knit

Row 2 Pi,* P5 wrappingyarn twice around the needlefor each st, PI; repfrom *to end.

Row 4 PI * K5 dropping extra loops, PI; rep from * to end of row.

Row 5 Knit.

Row 6 P4, P5 wrappingyarn twice around the needle for each st, *P1, P5 wrappingyarn twice around the needle for each st; rep from * to end.

Row 7 K4, cl 5, *K1, cl 5; rep from * to last 4 sts, P4.

Row 8 P4, K5 dropping extra loops, * PI, K5 dropping extra loops, rep from * to last 4 sts, P4.

These 8 rows form the pattern.

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Discover the basics of knitting here, and turn over to find out more about crochet

Our aim here at Simply Knitting is to get you knittingand crocheting. Whetheryou're new to needlesandyarn,orwantto rekindle the passion you once had forthe hobby, we've got all the basics right here. Over the next four pages we'll take you from cast on to knit and purl, and from chain to treble. If you need more help, see overleaf for how to contact us for more extensive guides to knittingand crochet

Allyou really need to start off with is a pair of knitting needles or a crochet hook and a ball of yarn. Once you've mastered the basics,you'll have the confidence to begin yourfirst knitted or crocheted item (a scarf is a good choice). Keep your kit in a small purse inyour knitting bag, so that it's always on hand when you need to knit!

Cast on: thumb method Use this all-purpose cast-on for an elastic edge - it works well for ribbing.

Thumb Method

Place a slipknot with a long tail of lin (2.5cm) per stitch on one needle. Hold the needle and yarn in your right hand.

Holding the tail end in your left Insert the point of the needle hand, wrap it around your left thumb by through the loop from front to back, then bringing the needle across to the left, over wind the ball end around the needle, and around your thumb. going from left to right.

Pull the loop through the thumb loop, then move the thumb over the tip of the needle. Remove your thumb and pull the yarn to tighten.

Cast on: cable method Choose this cast-on for a firm edge, and when adding stitches within your work.

Sk2po Method

hand needle behind the knot. Wind the under the left-hand needle, keeping the right-hand needle, then slip it over the stitches on the left-hand needle and yarn around the tip of the right-hand yarn loop on the tip as you bring it end of the tip of the left-hand needle, as repeat steps 1-4 until you have a needle anticlockwise. towards you. shown above. cast-on row of stitches.

Cast off Finish off your knitting with this straightforward cast-off technique.

Casting Off Knitting Stitches

Start by knitting the first two stitches of the row as normal, but don't go any further along as you usually would.

Insert the left-hand needle through the first stitch, as shown. Lift this stitch over the other stitch on the right-hand needle and over the needle point.

0"

Knit another stitch so you have two on the right needle. Lift the first stitch over the second, then repeat steps 1-3.

When you get to the last stitch, cut the yarn about 6in (15cm) away, feed it through the loop and pull through firmly.

Knit Follow our simple steps to make the most important stitch you'll learn.

Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand. Keeping the yarn in your right hand and at the back of your work, insert the point of the right-hand needle into the front loop of the first stitch, as shown.

• ' * Wind the yarn anti-clockwise around the point of the right-hand needle using your index finger. It's important to keep the yarn in your right hand relatively taut to maintain an even tension as you go.

Bring the right-hand needle back through the loop, making sure that you catch the yarn you wound around the needle. This creates the stitch. Don't pull the free yarn too tightly. Let out some slack and it will be easier.

Push the point of the right needle further through the stitch you created, then gently pull the right needle to your left, taking the original loop with it. You've now created one knit stitch. Repeat these steps.

Purl To make purl stitches, just reverse the action of plain knit stitches.

1 Holding the needle with all the Windtheyarnaroundthetipofthe stitches on in your left hand, and ensuring right-hand needle from right to left, in an that your ball end yarn is at the front of anti-clockwise motion, constantly your work, insert the right-hand needle keeping a slight tension on the yarn, through the front loop of your first stitch as shown.

Now slip the right-hand needle Pushing the point of the right-hand back through the stitch, ensuring that you needle a little further through the stitch 'catch'the yam that you've already you've just created, pull the first stitch off wound around the needle. This creates a the left-hand needle. That's your first purl stitch on your right-hand needle. stitch! Repeat points 1-4 across the row.

Needle sizes

UK

METRIC

us

14

2mm

0

13

27.mm

1

-

21/.mm

-

12

254mm

2

11

3mm

-

10

3%mm

3

-

3>imm

4

9

3%mm

5

8

4mm

6

7

4Xmm

7

6

5mm

8

5

5'/imm

9

4

6mm

10

3

6Xmin

10'/»

2

7mm

-

1

7X17101

-

0

8mm

11

00

9mm

13

000

10mm

15

-

12mm

17

-

15mm

19

-

20mm

36

-

25mm

50

Knitting abbreviations alt alternate approx approximately beg beginning

CB cable back

CC contrast colour

CF cable forward

CN cable needle cont continue dec decrease (by working two stitches together) DK double knitting dpn double-pointed needle foil following gst garter stitch (knit every row)

inc increase (usually knit into same stitch twice) K/k knit kfb knit into front and back of stitch kwise by knitting the stitch k2tog knit the next two stitches together LH/lh left hand LT left twist meas measures Ml make one (increase 1 stitch)

MIL make one twisted to the left

  • increase 1 stitch) MIR makeone twisted to the right
  • increase 1 stitch) Mlp makeone purlwise (increase 1

stitch)

MB MC

patt(s) patt rep(s) PB pfb PM P2tog

PBtog prev psso p2sso pwise rem rep(s)

rev st st

rnd(s) RS RT skpo sk2po si slst make a bobble main colour purl pattern(s) pattern repeat{s) place bead purl Into front and back of stitch place marker purl 2 stitches together {1 stitch decreased)

purl 3 stitches together {2 stitches decreased) previous pass slipped stitch over pass 2 slipped stitches over by purling the stitch remain/remaining repeat(s)

reverse stocking stitch right hand round(s) (on a circular needle) right side right twist slip 1 stitch, knit 1 stitch, pass slipped stitch over (1 stitch decreased)

slip 1 stitch, knit 2 stitches together, pass slipped stitch over (2 stitches decreased) slip slip stitch ssk ssp st(s) st st tbl tog WS wyib wyif ybk yfwd yo yrn yon slip 2 stitches one at a time, knit

2 slipped stitches together (1

stitch decreased)

slip 2 stitches one at a time, purl

2 slipped stitches together through back of the loops 1

stitch decreased)

stitch(es)

stocking stitch through the back of the loop together wrong side with yarn behind with yarn in front yarn to the back yarn forward yarn over yarn round needle yarn over needle work instructions immediately following *, then repeat as directed

TOP TIP!

Always check the list of abbreviations given on each pattern for any special abbreviations.

Chain stitch This is the foundation of all crochet stitches.

About 6in (15cm) from the end of the yarn, make a loop with the ball end on top. Insert the hook through this loop and catch the yarn, pulling it through the loop. Slide the slipknot up to the hook.

With the hook in your right hand, hold the slipknot between thumb and finger of the left hand. Move the hook under and over the yarn.

Pull the hook and yarn back through This is what your row of chains will the slipknot loop to form your first chain look like. Keep going until you have the (ch) stitch. Now repeat steps H andB number of chains which are stated on until you've formed a chain. your pattern. (Don't count the slipknot.)

Slip stitch this stitch won't add height. Chain foundation ring & spiral

under the top of the second chain from the hook to make a slip stitch (si st). To chain as stated in your pattern (yarn round hook and pull through). You the hook. Wrap the yarn round the hook carry on working a row of slip stitches, instructions, for example, ch 5. Insert can continue the spiral. If working in the

(this is known as yrh). insert the hook into the next chain down hook into the first chain. round, add a stitch marker here.

and so on, repeating step E each time.

Double crochet This easy stitch is frequently used and forms a smooth, firm surface.

  • Skip 2 chain stitches and insert the Wind the yarn around the hook hook under the top loop of the 3rd chain, and pull it through the chain loop, leaving two loops on your crochet hook.
  • Skip 2 chain stitches and insert the Wind the yarn around the hook hook under the top loop of the 3rd chain, and pull it through the chain loop, leaving two loops on your crochet hook.

__________________D_...,______,________For the following (foil) rows, turn the yarn through both loops. There's your work and chl. This is the turning chain (t-

double crochet made and you'll have one ch) and counts as the first dc. Skip the loop left on your hook ready to do the stitch at the baseofthet-ch, then work next stitch. Continue to the end of the ldc under the top 2 loops of each stitch, chain, but don't work into the slip knot. including the top of t-ch on foil rows.

Dtr2tog Crochet

Treble crochet A very popular stitch, it's twice as high as double crochet.

Pull the yarn through 2 loops only (2 loops on hook), yarn round hook. Pull the yarn through these 2 loops. Continue working treble into the next and all following chains to the end of the row.

To make the next and following rows, turn work and chain 3. This is the turning chain and counts as 1 treble. Work 1 treble into top 2 loops of 2nd stitch in previous row. Work into top of each stitch across the row.

Make a foundation chain. Skip 3 chain, yarn round hook, then insert the hook under the loop of the 4th chain, yarn round hook.

■ k * Pull the yarn through the chain loop only (leaving 3 loops on hook), yarn round hook.

Half treble ™™y*t*«fKquent,yuxdandfoms a smooth, firm surface.

a smooth, firm surface.

Make a foundation chain. Skip 2 B p„,lt, chain, yarn round hook and insert the „ i , '^"'through the loop CJ „„,,., hook under the top loop of the • on|y. leavmg 3 loops on your hook varn Vn, . ^i16*3™ throu§h all 3 loops. " Forth» r n ■

yarn round hook P dcham' roundhool<- nook,yarn Youve made a half treble. Continue half trPhl„ t l0Wmg rows of half treble lnt° next and all followmp ^'JT. w°rk and ^ain 2.

Count chains and stitches

' , imo next and all following chains V . J „ and chain 2- ™s counts to the end of the row. g "S f* first half treble in the new row

Work 1 half treble into next and each st to end, including top of turning chain

Make sure you are working the correct number of stitches.

Ö00O00BB

Chains sszxssbbssssí :sé¡~*>

  • Willi me Slip lutouni snort st itches siirh „ j. 1.1
  • t twist the chain. at the Vs at the top ofthe row ,00k

Work in rows Turn and turn about!

B0 0BQ00QQ®

How to continue your work Make the first row by workingacro« the foundati onchainfromrighttlleftAUheend

° tUrn the work so theyarn is work the n h°° ,Muake a turni"8 ^ain and on"o:refirowrtChmt0thetOPOfthe^«

Hook sizes

UK METRIC US

14 2mm

13 2.25mm

12 2.5mm 11 3mm

4 6mm J/10

0 8mm

00 9mm

000 10mm

Crochet abbreviations across alt approx beg bet bl ch(s) ch sp(s) d(s) cont dc dc2tog dec dtr dtr2tog fl foil gr htr htr2tog in next inc to the end of the row alternate approximately) beginning between insert hook under back loop only. Example bide - back loop double crochet chain or chain stitch(es)

chain space(s)

clusters continue double crochet work 2 dc together decrease double treble crochet work 2 dtr together insert hook under front loop only.

Example: fide -front loop double crochet following group half treble crochet work 2htr together sts to be worked into same stitch

'P(S) nc patt por pc rf rb rem rep rnd sk si st sp(s)

tog tr tr2tog yrh loop(s) not closed patterns picot raised front

Example: rfdc - raised front double crochet raised back

Example: rbdc- raised back double crochet remaining repeat round skip slip stitch space(s)

stitch(es)

turning chain(s)

together treble crochet work 2 tr together yarn round hook work instructions immediately following \ then repeat as directed

Stiff contused?

If you need more help, visit www.simplyknitting.co.uk to download the PDFs of our full-length Essential Guides. Alternatively, you can write to us and we'll send them out to you. Please state whether you'd like either a knitting or crochet guide or both. Please send an A4 SAE (the stamp needs to be 65p) to: Essential Guide Request, Simply Knitting, Future, 30 Monmouth Street, Bath BA12BW V___✓

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  • julia bumgarner
    How to crochet a raised front double crochet rfdc?
    9 years ago
  • ALOISIA
    How to crochet htr2tog?
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