Once you have reached the total number of stitches for the sock, it's time to knit the foot.
For a simple stockinette sock, continue knitting even (without increases) in the round until the sock measures approximately 2 inches less than the desired foot length. See the "Sizing Chart" on p. 207 for a more precise chart of sizes.
Once you complete the toe, you can add any patterning you like. See Chapter 2 for more information on how to choose stitch patterns to incorporate into your socks.
Adapt a Top-Down Pattern
If you are adapting a pattern written for top-down socks into toe-up socks, you need to think about one major consideration: the pattern's direction.
IS THE PATTERNING DIRECTIONAL?
Many stitch patterns appear the same when knit in a different direction—ribbing, for example, looks exactly the same if knit from the top down - compare the ribbing on the Basic Top-Down Socks (p. 82) and the Basic Toe Up Socks (p. 134).
However, other types of stitch patterns do not appear the same when knit toe-up instead of top-down. If you follow a top-down pattern exactly, cable patterns appear to cross in the opposite direction than intended once you complete the sock.
Some lace patterns, such as those with diagonal lines, also appear to lean in the opposite direction than intended. Patterns such as leaves appear upside-down.
When working from a chart, you can adapt a top-down stitch pattern by reading the chart in the opposite direction—simply turn the chart upside-down to read. However, depending on the type of stitch, this might not work because stitches often depend on the preceding stitches—when working the chart upside-down, the rounds are in the opposite order as well.
What patterns can be reversed easily?
Stitch patterns that contain only knit and purl stitches are easy to work in the opposite direction. If the pattern is square, like the Waffle Pattern of the Toe Up Thermal Sport Socks (p. 165), the texture will appear identical whether it is worked toe up or top down!
The heel in a toe-up sock is usually a short-row heel. However, if you like the look of the traditional top-down heel flap and gusset (see pages 66-71), you can create a similar looking heel from the toe up, too! Both methods employ short rows.
When working short rows, if you simply turn the piece around and knit, then holes form at the turning point. Wrapping the stitches fills in these holes for a smooth appearance.
How to Wrap and Turn (W&T)
WRAP ON THE KNIT SIDE
1 Knit to the point where you will wrap and turn. Bring the yarn to the front between the needles.
2 Slip the next stitch on the left needle to the right needle, purlwise.
3 Bring the yarn to the back between the needles.
4 Slip the stitch from the right needle back to the left.
5 Turn. The yarn is now correctly positioned to purl.
PiCK UP ON THE KNIT SIDE
O Knit to the wrapped stitch. The wrap is seen as a small bar across the bottom of the stitch. If you have two wraps, they are one atop the other.
2 Insert the right needle tip into all wraps from bottom to top, and then into the stitch on the needle as if to knit.
3 Slip all wraps plus the stitch to the right needle. Re-insert the left needle tip into all wraps plus the stitch, ready to knit.
4 Knit all wraps and the stitch together. CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE
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