Basic tubular socks

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This basic soch pattern for adults is perfect for learning how to knit in the round. Worked in a self-patterning sock yarn on double-pointed needles, it allows you to get to grips with the basics of tubular sock knitting while the yarn creates beautiful jewel-like effects with no effort on your part.

m jflr getting the size right

This is a 'Sunday slouching' type of sock, so the fit is quite generous. If you want a tighter fit, go for a smaller size. To ensure that your sock fits, measure around the ankle, just above the joint, and multiply this figure by 3.3 if you are working in metric or 8.4 if you are working in imperial - this is the number of sts you will need per 1cm (tin). For example, if your ankle measures 23cm (9m): 23 x 3.3 sts = 75.9 sts; 9 x 8.4 = 75.6 sts. Round down to 74 sts and follow the instructions for the medium size.

Before you start

KNITTING THE SOCKS (MAKE 2)

Using 2.5mm needles, cast on 68 [74, 80] sts and divide as equally as possible onto three dpns. Take care not to cast on too tightly. Place a marker after the last stitch to mark the beginning of the round. Round 1: (Ki, pi) to end.

See steps 1-2

Repeat round 1 until work measures 4 cm (i'/2 in.), ending at marker and increasing by kif&b at end of last round (69 [75, 81] sts). Pull the yarn a little tighter than normal when working the first stitch on each needle to avoid creating any ladders between each set of stitches. Continue working in rounds of stocking stitch until leg is the required length from end of rib - 10 cm (4 in.) for a short sock and 18 cm (7 in.) for a long sock.

HEEL FLAP

Knit 19 sts; these will form the heel flap. The remaining 50 [56, 62] sts will form the instep; divide these evenly onto the other two dpns.

See step 3

MEASUREMENTS Small [medium, large]

Ankle circumference: 21 [23, 24.5] cm (8>A (9. 9'/] in)

Leg length and foot length are adjustable YARN

4ply self-patterning sock yarn (45% cotton, 42% pure new wool, 13% polyamide; approx. 38om/4i5yds per loogMoz ball) x 1 ball for short socks or 2 balls for long socks (variegated orange/pink)

NEEDLES

Five 2.5mm double-pointed needles

TENSION

33 sts x 40 rows = 10cm (4in) in stocking stitch using 2.5mm needles

ABBREVIATIONS dpn(s) - double-pointed needle(s); k - knit; kif&b - knit into front and back of same stitch; p - purl; RS - right side; skpo - slip 1 stitch, knit 1 stitch, pass slip stitch over; st(s) - stitch(es); tbl - through back of loop; tog - together; WS - wrong side

Working backwards and forwards in rows on the heel sts only, turn and work as follows.

Cast on the required number of stitches, then divide them onto three dpns as evenly as possible.

Place a marker after the last stitch that you cast on to mark the beginning of each round, then work the first round in ki, pi rib.

To start the heel flap, knit 19 sts onto one dpn, then divide the remaining stitches onto the other two dpns.

Repeat rows 1-2 until heel flap is as long as it is wide, ending with a purl row (about 23 rows).

See step 4

HEELTURN

Row 3: K8, k2tog, ki, turn (18 sts). Row 4: P9, p2tog, pi, turn (17 sts). Row 5: K10, k2tog, ki, turn (16 sts). Row 6: P11, p2tog, pi, turn (15 sts). Row 7: K12, k2tog, turn (14 sts). Row 8: P12, p2tog, turn (13 sts). Row 9: Knit.

See step 5

Pick up and knit 9 sts down left side of heel flap, place marker, then kio [13,16]. Using another dpn, knit the next 30 sts. Using another dpn, kio [13,16], place marker, then pick up and knit 9 sts down right side of heel flap. Using another dpn, k6 (81 [87, 93] sts), then transfer them onto the previous dpn. The beginning of round is now at centre back.

See steps 6-7

GUSSET

Round 1: K14, k2tog, slip marker, k5o [56, 62], slip marker, skpo, knit to end. Round 2: Knit.

Round 3: Knit to within 2 sts of marker, k2tog, slip marker, knit to next marker, slip marker, skpo, knit to end. Rounds 4-11: Repeat rounds 2-3 four times 69 [75, 81] sts. Work to end of round, then rearrange sts so they are evenly divided onto three dpns, keeping beginning of round at centre back.

See step 8

FOOT AND TOE

Knit in rounds until foot is 4cm (l'/^in) shorter than desired finished length.

Rearrange sts on needles as follows, discarding the markers: 1st dpn - 18 [20, 21] sts; 2nd dpn - 34 [37, 40] sts; 3rd dpn -17 [18, 20] sts.

See step 9

Remembering that rounds begin at centre bottom of foot, shape the toe as follows.

Round 1:1st dpn - k2tog, knit to last 3 sts, k2tog, ki; 2nd dpn - ki, k2tog tbl, knit to last 3 sts, k2tog, ki; 3rd dpn - k2tog tbl, knit to end. Round 2: Knit.

Work the heel flap back and forth in rows until it is as long as it is wide. The heel flap is worked in a special 'heel stitch' (ki, ki tbl on RS rows) to reinforce it.

Use short-row shaping to 'turn the heel'. This shapes the knitted piece without casting off stitches and is used to create a rounded base on the heel.

Before you can complete the foot, you need to prepare the stitches for working in rounds again. Start by picking up and knitting 9 sts down the left side of the heel flap; place a marker.

FINISHING

Sew in any loose ends to WS on all pieces, then block and steam gently. Graft the toe seam.

2nd dpn - ki, k2tog tbl, knit to last 3 sts, k2tog, ki; 3rd dpn - k2tog tbl, knit to end.

Rounds 4-11: Repeat rounds 1-2 four times. Round 12: Knit.

Rounds 13-15: Repeat round 3 three times.

Slip the sts from 1st dpn onto end of 3rd dpn.

FINISHING

Sew in any loose ends to WS on all pieces, then block and steam gently. Graft the toe seam.

After working the foot, rearrange the stitches onto three dpns to start shaping the toe.

Knit the stitches of the instep, place a marker, then pick up and knit 9 sts up the right side of the heel flap. Knit to the centre of the heel; this is the beginning of the round.

Work the gusset as instructed, then rearrange the stitches evenly onto three dpns, remembering that rounds begin at centre back. Keep the markers in place.

see also

Circular knitting using dpns, page 30

Grafting, page 24

the projects

Project 9

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  • michael vogler
    How to knit tubular socks?
    2 years ago

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