Reference Materials

Refer to this Appendix for knitting abbreviations that are commonly used in knitting patterns, body and fit measurement charts, yarn yardage charts, knitting terms, and ideas for how to perfect the fit of your knits.

Knitting Abbreviations 208

Knitting Terms 211

Perfect the Fit 214

Measurement Charts 216

Yarn Yardage Charts 222

Abbreviation

Meaning

Abbreviation

Meaning

alt

alternate

dtr

double treble (crochet)

approx

approximately

epi

ends per inch

BC

back cross

FC

front cross

beg

beginning

foll

follow(s); following

bet

between

g; gr

gram(s)

BO

bind off

grp

group

C

cable; cross; contrast

g st

garter stitch

color

hdc

half double crochet

cab

cable

htr

half treble (crochet)

CB

cable back

in(s)

inch(es)

CC

contrast color

inc(s)

increase(s); increasing

CF

cable front

incl

including

ch

chain; crochet hook

k

knit

circ

circular

k1b

knit 1 into back of stitch

cm

centimeter(s)

k2tog

knit 2 stitches together

cn

cable needle

k3tog

knit 3 stitches together

CO

cast on

kfb; kf&b

knit into front and back

cont

continue(s); continuing

of stitch

cr l

cross left

k tbl

knit through back of loop

cr r

cross right

kwise

knitwise

dbl

double (crochet)

l left

dc

double cross

LC

left cross

dec(s)

decrease(s); decreasing

LH

left-hand

diag

diagonal

lp(s)

loop(s)

diam

diameter

LT

left twist

DK

double knitting

m1

make one

dpn(s)

double-pointed needle(s)

mb

make bobble

Abbreviation Meaning

Abbreviation Meaning

MC main color

med

medium

mm

millimeter(s)

ms

make star

mult

multiple

no

number

°pp

opposite

oz

ounce

p

purl

p1b

purl 1 into back of stitch

p2sso

pass 2 slipped stitches

over

p2tog

purl 2 stitches together

p3tog

purl 3 stitches together

pat; patt

pattern

pfb

purl into front and back

of stitch

pm

place marker

prev

previous

psso

pass slipped stitch over

p tbl

purl through back of loop

pu

pick up

pwise

purlwise

RC

right cross

rem

remain; remaining

rep(s)

repeat(s)

rev reverse

rev St st

reverse stockinette stitch

RH

right-hand

rib

ribbing

rnd(s)

round(s)

RS

right side

RT

right twist

sc

single crochet

sel; selv

selvage

sk

skip

skp; skpo

slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped

stitch over

sl

slip

sl st

slip(ped) stitch

sm

small

sp

space

ssk

slip, slip, knit

ssp

slip, slip, purl

st(s)

stitch(es)

St st

stockinette stitch

TB

twist back

tbl

through back of loop(s)

t-ch

turning chain

TF

twist front

tog

together

tr

treble (crochet)

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Knitting Abbreviations

(continued)

Abbreviation

Meaning

Abbreviation

wpi

wraps per inch

*

WS

wrong side

**

wyib

with yarn in back

wyif

with yarn in front

( )

yb; ybk

yarn at back

yd(s)

yard(s)

[ ]

yf; yfwd

yarn forward

yarn over

yo2

yarn over twice

yrn

yarn around needle

repeat starting point same as *, but used to separate * instructions from the new instructions alternate measurements and/or instructions instructions that are to be worked as a group the specified number of times repeat starting point same as *, but used to separate * instructions from the new instructions alternate measurements and/or instructions instructions that are to be worked as a group the specified number of times

Knitting Terms

The more you knit from patterns, the more familiar knitting language becomes. The following are explanations of terms and phrases that are commonly found in knitting instructions.

as established Work in a particular pattern, as previously set. as foll Work as the instructions direct below.

at the same time Work more than one set of instructions simultaneously. as if to knit Insert the needle into the stitch the same way that you would knitting it.

as if to purl Insert the needle into the stitch the same way that you would purling it.

axis stitch The center stitch between two increases or decreases.

bind off in patt Work stitch pattern while binding off. bind off loosely Bind off without pulling the working yarn too tightly, so that an elastic finished edge is achieved.

block Lay knit pieces out flat, and wet or steam them to the proper shape and measurements.

change to larger needles the next row.

change to smaller needles with the next row.

ending with a RS row ending with a WS row every other row Work

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if you were if you were

Use the larger needles specified in the pattern, starting with Use the smaller needles specified in the pattern, starting

Work a right-side row as the last row that you work. Work a wrong-side row as the last row that you work. as instructed on alternate rows only.

Knitting Terms (continued)

fasten off At the end of a bind-off, pull the yarn through the last stitch and tighten.

from beg From the cast-on edge; usually used to direct where to start measuring a knitted piece.

join round When knitting in the round, work the first stitch of the round so that the last stitch and the first stitch join, forming a circle.

knitwise As if to knit; insert the needle into the stitch the same way that you would if you were knitting it.

lower edge Cast-on edge.

marker Something used to mark a point in a stitch pattern or to mark a point in your knitting, whether it is a plastic ring stitch marker, safety pin, or tied piece of yarn. multiple The number of stitches necessary to achieve one pattern repeat.

pick up and knit A method of picking up stitches, as for a collar or button band, where the knitting needle is inserted into the work, yarn is wrapped around the needle as if to knit, and the new loop is pulled through.

place marker Slip a stitch marker onto the knitting needle to indicate special instructions regarding the stitch following; or place some other sort of marker, such as a safety pin or strand of yarn, to indicate where buttons will be.

purlwise As if to purl; insert the needle into the stitch the same way that you would if you were purling it.

reverse shaping When working something like a cardigan, where the fronts are mirror images of each other, instructions for shaping are given for one front; you need to reverse those instructions for shaping the other front. right side (RS) The side of the knitting that will show.

selvage An extra stitch (or stitches) that will be used for the seam.

slip stitches to holder Put the stitches onto a stitch holder, usually to be worked later.

turning ridge A row of stitches, usually purled on the right side of stockinette stitch, where a hem will be folded under.

weave in ends When finishing a project, sew loose ends in and out of the backs of stitches or into seams to prevent them from unraveling.

with RS facing Work with the right side facing you; typically used when instructions are telling you to pick up stitches for a button band or collar.

with WS facing Work with the wrong side facing you.

work across Continue to work as established across the row of stitches or across a group of stitches on a holder.

work buttonholes opposite markers When working the fronts of a cardigan, place markers on the side where the buttons will be sewn and work buttonholes on the other front, opposite the markers.

work even Work without increasing or decreasing. work to end Finish the row.

working needle The needle that is being used to knit or purl stitches. working yarn The yarn that is being used to knit or purl stitches. wrong side (WS) The side of the knitting that will not show.

Perfect the Fit

You can design handknits to fit any body type. Creating a perfectly fitting garment isn't as difficult as it might seem. It's mostly a matter of taking accurate measurements, determining ease, and calculating stitch counts based on the measurements. Here we look at how to perfect the fit of a sweater, which is probably the most demanding garment to design.

TAKING BODY MEASUREMENTS

To ensure a good fit, take detailed body measurements. Here's how:

Measure the bust or chest by placing the tape measure around the fullest part of the chest, at the underarm.

For the waist, measure around the smallest part of the torso. For the hip, measure around the fullest part of the lower torso.

With the arm held straight at the side, measure for sleeve length from the edge of the shoulder to the wrist.

Measure from the underarm to the wrist to determine where to begin the sleeve cap shaping.

For a short-sleeve sweater, measure as for steps 4 and 5, only end at the point on the upper arm where you want the sleeve to fall.

Measure the circumference of the upper arm.

Measure the circumference of the wrist.

Measure the circumference of the neck (or the width of the back of the neck).

Measure the armhole depth from the top of the shoulder to the base of the underarm.

  • Also take some neck shaping measurements:
  • For a rounded neck, measure from where the shoulder meets the neck to where the bottom of the rounded part should be.
  • Do the same for a V neck.
  • Do not forget to measure the length along the back to best suit your sweater style:
  • For a cropped, shrug-like sweater, measure above the waist.
  • For a short sweater, measure at the waist.
  • For a hip-length sweater, measure at the hip.
  • For a fingertip-length jacket or tunic, measure at the thigh where the fingertips fall.
  • For a long coat, measure anywhere from the knee down.

CALCULATING EASE

Some of your knitted measurements should be a few inches larger than the actual body measurements, or the garment will be too tight. The difference between body measurements and knit measurements is called ease.

When calculating ease, consider whether the sweater will be worn over a shirt or other clothing, and whether you want a tight or tailored fit or a more loose and boxy fit. Use the table below as a guideline.

What Size to Knit?

Actual Body Measurement

Finished Measurements

Chest

Tight Fit

Tailored Fit

Normal Fit

Loose Fit

Oversized Fit

31 in.-32 in.

30 in.

32 in.

34 in.

36 in.

37-38 in.

33 in.-34 in.

32 in.

34 in.

36 in.

38 in.

39-40 in.

35 in.-36 in.

34 in.

36 in.

38 in.

40 in.

41-42 in.

37 in.-38 in.

36 in.

38 in.

40 in.

42 in.

43-44 in.

39 in.-40 in.

38 in.

40 in.

42 in.

44 in.

45-46 in.

Measurement Charts

Included here are measurement charts for babies (sizes 3-24 months), children (sizes 2-16), women (sizes X-Small-5X), and men (sizes Small-XX-Large). This section also includes a head circumference measurement chart, which covers infants (preemies, babies, and toddlers), children, and adults. For more information about standard measurements, visit the Web site www.yarnstandards.com from the Craft Yarn Council of America.

1 Babies' Sizes 1

Baby's Size

(not age): 3 months

6 months

12 months

18 months

24 months

Chest

Inches 16

17

18

19

20

Centimeters 40.5

43

45.5

48

50.5

Center Back Neck-to-Cuff

Inches 10V2

11V2

1212

14

18

Centimeters 26.5

29

31.5

35.5

45.5

Back Waist Length

Inches 6

7

712

8

8'/2

Centimeters 15.5

17.5

19

20.5

21.5

Across Back (Shoulder-to-Shoulder)

Inches 7V4

734

814

812

834

Centimeters 18.5

19.5

21

21.5

22

Sleeve Length to Underarm

Inches 6

6'/2

712

8

8'/2

Centimeters 15.5

16.5

19

20.5

21.5

I Women's Sizes 1

Size

X-Small

Small

Medium

Bust

Inches

28-30

32-34

36-38

Centimeters

71-76

81-86

91.5-96.5

Center Back Neck-to-Cuff

Inches

27-27V2

28-2812

29-2912

Centimeters

68.5-70

71-72.5

73.5-75

Back Waist Length

Inches

1612

17

171/4

Centimeters

42

43

43.5

Across Back (Shoulder-to-Shoulder)

Inches

14-14%

1412-15

16-1612

Centimeters

35.5-37

37-38

40.5-42

Sleeve Length to Underarm

Inches

1612

17

17

Centimeters

42

43

43

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Large IX 2X 3X 4X 5X

Bust

101.5-106.5 111.5-117 122-127 132-137 142-147 152-158

Center Back Neck-to-Cuff

Back Waist Length

Across Back (Shoulder-to-Shoulder)

Sleeve Length to Underarm

I Children's Sizes 1

Size

2

4

6

Chest

Inches

21

23

25

Centimeters

53

58.5

63.5

Center Back Neck-to-Cuff

Inches

18

m

20V2

Centimeters

45.5

49.5

52

Back Waist Length

Inches

8%

912

10Y?

Centimeters

21.5

24

26.5

Across Back (Shoulder-to-Shoulder)

Inches

9'A

93/4

10'A

Centimeters

23.5

25

26

Sleeve Length to Underarm

Inches

8%

10Y?

11

Centimeters

21.5

26.5

29

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Measurement Charts (continued)

I Children's Sizes (continued) 1

8

10

12

14

16

Chest

26%

28

30

31%

32%

67

71

76

80

82.5

Center Back Neck-to-Cuff

22_24_26_27_28

Back Waist Length

Across Back (Shoulder-to-Shoulder)

Across Back (Shoulder-to-Shoulder)

Sleeve Length to Underarm

12% 13% 15

16

16%

31.5 34.5 38

40.5

Size Small Medium Large X-Large XX-Large Chest_

Inches_34-36 38-40_42-44 46-48_50-52

Centimeters 86-91.5 96.5-101.5 106.5-111.5 116.5-122 127-132

Center Back Neck-to-Cuff

Inches_32-3212 33-3312 34-3412 35-3512 36-3612

Centimeters 81-82.5 83.5-85 86.5-87.5 89-90 91.5-92.5

Back Hip Length

Inches_25-2512 26Y2-263A 27-2714 27Y2-273A 28-283A

Centimeters 63.5-64.5 67.5-68 68.5-69 69.5-70.5 71-72.5

Cross Back (Shoulder-to-Shoulder)

Inches_15Y2-16 16Y2-17 17Y2-18 18-18^/^2 18Y2-19

Centimeters 39.5-40.5 42-43 44.5-45.5 45.5-47 47-48

Sleeve Length to Underarm

Inches_18_18V2_19V2_20_20^

Centimeters 45.5 47 49.5 50.5 52

Head Circumference

Infant/Child Adult

Preemie

Baby

Toddler

Child

Woman

Man

Inches

12

14

16

18

20

22

Centimeters

30.5

35.5

40.5

45.5

50.5

You can use the charts on this page as general guides to estimate the yardage needed for various items.

Vest: Yarn Weights, Sizes, and Approximate Yardages

Baby/Child Adult

Finished Chest Finished Chest

Yarn

Weight

24 in.

2S in.

32 in.

36 in.

40 in.

44 in.

4S in.

52 in.

Bulky

2oo

3oo

4oo

5oo

6oo

loo

8oo

9oo

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Worsted

25o

35o

5oo

6oo

loo

8oo

9oo

1 ,ooo

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Sport

3oo

45o

6oo

l5o

85o

95o

1,o5o

1,15o

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Fingering

45o

6oo

l5o

95o

1 ,1 oo

1,25o

1,45o

1,65o

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Pullover/Cardigan: Yarn Weights, Sizes, and Approximate Yardages

Baby/Child Adult

Finished Chest Finished Chest

Yarn

Weight

24 in.

2S in.

32 in.

3e in.

4o in.

44 in.

4S in.

52 in.

Bulky

3l5

525

l25

925

1,ioo

1,3oo

1,5oo

1,l5o

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Worsted

5oo

loo

1 ,ooo

1,25o

1 ,4oo

1,6oo

1 ,8oo

2,ooo

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Sport

6oo

8oo

1,ioo

1 ,4oo

1,65o

1,9oo

2,ioo

2,3oo

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Fingering

l5o

1,ioo

1,5oo

1,l5o

2,15o

2,5oo

2,l5o

3,ooo

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

yd.

Hat: Yarn Weights, Sizes, and Approximate Yardages

Finished Circumference

Yarn Weight

14 in.

16 in.

18 in.

!0 in.

!! in.

Bulky

60 yd.

85 yd.

100 yd.

125 yd.

150 yd.

Worsted

75 yd.

125 yd.

175 yd.

225 yd.

250 yd.

Sport

125 yd.

175 yd.

225 yd.

250 yd.

275 yd.

Fingering

150 yd.

200 yd.

250 yd.

300 yd.

325 yd.

Socks: Yarn Weights, Sizes, and Approximate Yardages

Foot Length

Yarn Weight 4 in. 5 in. 6'A in. 8 in. 9'A in. 10'A in. 11'A in.

Bulky_85 yd. 100 yd. 125 yd. 150 yd. 175 yd. 225 yd. 250 yd.

Worsted 125 yd. 175 yd. 225 yd. 250 yd. 300 yd. 350 yd. 400 yd.

Sport_125 yd. 175 yd. 225 yd. 275 yd. 325 yd. 375 yd. 450 yd.

Fingering 150 yd. 200 yd. 250 yd. 325 yd. 400 yd. 475 yd. 550 yd.

Numerics

1 x 1 rib stitch, 40, 75, 97, 149 1-row horizontal buttonhole, 172-173

1-stitch eyelet buttonhole, 170

2-row horizontal buttonhole, 174-175 2-stitch eyelet buttonhole, 171 12-part color wheel, 124

acrylic yarn, 8 afghan, medium yarns, 9 alpaca yarn, 8

analogous color schemes, 125 angora yarn, 8 animal fibers, 8 aran, medium yarns, 9 armholes, 68, 160-161

babies, measurement charts, 216

baby yarns, fine yarns, 9

back cross cable, techniques, 80

back loop, stitch patterns, 79

backstitch seams, finishing technique, 35, 154

balls, knitted, 192

bamboo needles, 4, 85

basic ruffle, 196

beading needles, techniques, 199 beads, 198-199 beginner, pattern skill level, 58 beginning row, 103, 105 binding off, 38-43 blanket stitch embroidery, 204 blankets, 41, 58, 76 blended yarns, 9

blocking, finishing technique, 146-147

bobbin (intarsia), color knitting, 140-141

bobbins, knitting accessory, 6

bobbles, techniques, 77

body measurements, 214-215

borders, 77, 196-197

bound-off edges, picking up stitches, 164

bulky, yarn weight, 9

bulky yarns, 155, 171

button bands, 168, 173, 185

buttonhole stitch, reinforcement, 177

buttonholes, 170-177

buttons, knitted, 195

cable needles, 6, 81 cable, 19, 80-81 cardigans, 191, 222 cashmere yarn, 8 cast-ons cable, 19

circular knitting, 88, 90, 91 highly elastic edges, 19 increasing techniques, 109 knit, 18

long-tail (slingshot), 20-21 open (provisional), 22-23 simple, 17 slipknots, 16 center-pull ball, yarn winding, 8 charts color, 70

measurement, 216-221 reading techniques, 69-71 slip-stitch color, 138 yarn yardage, 222-223 chest circumference, pattern size measurement, 58 children, measurement charts, 219-220 chunky, bulky yarns, 9 circular knitting

1 x 1 rib stitch pattern, 97 advantages, 84 cast-on, 88, 90, 91

circular needle techniques, 89, 92-93

circular needles, 4

double-pointed needle cast-on, 90

double-pointed needle techniques, 4, 91

flat instruction translation, 94-95

garter stitch pattern, 97

gauge swatches, 87

gauges, 87

join gaps, 87

needle types/lengths, 85

pattern repeat tracking, 86

round tracking, 86

seamless stripes, 96

seed stitch pattern, 97

stiff cords, 89

stitch patterns, 97

stockinette stitch pattern, 97

uses, 84

circular needles, 4, 85, 89, 92-93 circumference, pattern size measurement, 58 collars, finishing techniques, 168-169

color charts, reading techniques, 70 color knitting, 127-141 color wheels, 124 colors

12-part color wheel, 124 analogous schemes, 125 complementary schemes, 125 monochromatic schemes, 124 split complementary schemes, 126 tetradic schemes, 127 triadic schemes, 126 yarn joining, 35 yarn label information, 10-11 colorship knitting. See slip-stitch patterns, color knitting complementary color schemes, color combinations, 125 concave points, use guidelines, 5 Continental method, 28-29, 32-33 cords, 194-195 corrections, 46-55

corrugated ribbing pattern, horizontal stripes, 129 cotton yarn, 8

crochet hooks, knitting accessory, 6 crocheted chains, 200 crocheted seam, finishing technique, 155 crocheting, decorative details, 200-203 curly ruffle, 196

curved edges, picking up stitches, 166 cushion covers, fringe, 191

decorative details basic ruffle, 196 beads, 198-199 blanket stitch embroidery, 204 borders, 196-197 crocheted chains, 200 curly ruffle, 196

duplicate stitch embroidery, 204 easy pointed border, 197 edgings, 196-197 embroidery, 204-205 French knot embroidery, 205 fringe, 190-191 knitted balls, 192 knitted buttons, 195 knitted cords, 195 knitted flowers, 193 lazy daisy embroidery, 205 mini scallops, 197

picot edging, 203 pompoms, 188 single crochet edging, 202 slip stitch edging, 201 tassels, 189 twisted cords, 194 decreases, shaping methods, 110-119 double-knitting, light yarns, 9 double-pointed needles, 4, 85, 90-91 dropped edge, correcting, 52-53 dropped stitches, correcting, 48-51 duplicate stitch embroidery, 204 dye lots, yarn label information, 10-11

easy, pattern skill level, 58 easy pointed border, 197 edges bind off loosely, 38 cast-ons, 19 circular needles, 4 decorative details, 196-197 dropped stitch corrections, 52-53 knitted cord bind off, 41 picking up stitches, 164-167 selvages, 76 turned hems, 184-185 zipper finishing, 179 embroidery, 204-205 ends, weaving in, 144-145 English method, 26-27, 30-31 evening wear, beaded details, 198-199 experienced, pattern skill level, 58 eyelet buttonholes, knitting techniques, 170-171

Fair Isle knitting, 130-137

fiber content, yarn label information, 10-11

fibers, natural versus synthetic yarn, 8

fine, yarn weight, 9

fingering, super-fine yarn, 9

finishing blocking, 146-147 button bands, 168 buttonholes, 170-177 gap closing techniques, 167 knit-on collars, 169 mock turtleneck collars, 169 neckbands, 168 picking up stitches, 164-167

plackets, 168 pockets, 180-183 seam grafting, 156-157 seam sewing, 148-155 sewn-on collars, 169 turned hems, 184-185 turtleneck collars, 169 weave in ends, 144-145 zippers, 178-179 first row, cast-on techniques, 17 flat knitting, 4 flowers, knitted, 193 forms, tassel creation techniques, 189 French knot embroidery, 205 fringe, 190-191

front cross cable, techniques, 81

gaps, closing techniques, 167

garment edgings, circular needles, 4

garments, 66-68

garter stitch selvage, techniques, 76

gauge swatches, 64-65, 87

gloves, double-pointed needles, 85

grafting, seam finishing techniques, 156-157

hair conditioner, scratchy knit softening, 12 hats circumference measurement, 58 double-pointed needles, 85 knitted balls, 192 knitted cord bind off, 41 knitted cords, 194-195 pompoms, 188 ruffled edges, 196 tassels, 189 twisted cord ties, 194 yarn yardage charts, 223 heavy worsted, bulky yarns, 9 hems, 184-185, 190-191 holders, stitch, 6 horizontal seams, 42-43, 151 horizontal stripes, color knitting, 128-129

incomplete stitch, correction techniques, 47 increases, shaping methods, 100-109

inset pockets, attachment techniques, 182-183 instructions, flat-to-circular translation, 94-95 intarsia (bobbin), color knitting, 140-141 intarsia knitting, plastic bobbins, 6 intermediate, pattern skill level, 58 invisible horizontal seams, 151 invisible vertical seams, 148-150 invisible vertical-to-horizontal seams, 152-153 irons, blocking techniques, 146-147

jacket cuffs, 1 x 1 rib stitch pattern, 75 jackets, fringe, 191 joins, 35, 87, 91, 121

Kitchener stitch, seam grafting, 156-157 knit 1 through back of loop (k1 tbl), techniques, 79 knit cast-on, circular knitting, 88 knit jackets, fringe, 191 knit one in row below, techniques, 78 knit side lifted increase, 106 knit stitches, 18, 26-29, 34 knit-on collars, finishing techniques, 169 knitted balls, 192 knitted buttons, 195 knitted cord, 41, 195 knitted flowers, 193 knitting abbreviations, 208-210 knitting bags, purchasing, 6 knitting in the round. See circular knitting knitwise stitch binding off, 38 Fair Isle knitting, 130-137 short-rowing, 120-121 slipping technique, 34 yarn-over, 101-103

labels, 10-13

lace-weight, super-fine yarn, 9

last stitch, binding off, 39

lazy daisy embroidery, 205

left-slanting double decrease, 115

left-slanting make 1 increase, 106

lifted increases, shaping method, 106-107

light worsted, light yarns, 9

light, yarn weight, 9

linen, yarn, 8

long-tail (slingshot), cast-on techniques, 20-21

long-tail cast-on, circular knitting, 88 M

make 1 increases, shaping method, 104-105 manufacturer, yarn label information, 10-11 markers, stitch, 6 materials, pattern instructions, 59 measurement charts, 216-221 measurement units, needle numbering systems, 5 measurements body, 214-215 garment sizing, 66-67 gauge swatches, 64-65 pattern schematics, 59 pattern size/sizes representations, 58-59 medium, yarn weight, 9 men, measurement charts, 221 metal needles, 4, 85 metric system, needle sizes, 5 mini scallops, 197 mistakes, stitch correction, 46-55 mitten cuffs, cast-ons, 19 mittens, 85, 194

mock turtleneck collars, finishing techniques, 169 mohair yarn, 8

monochromatic color schemes, 124 mosaic. See slip-stitch patterns, knitting patterns multiple increases, shaping methods, 108-109 multiple stitch decrease across 1 row, 119 multiple stitch increase across 1 row, 119

natural fibers, pros/cons, 8 neckbands, finishing techniques, 168 needles, 4-6, 10-11, 38, 42-43, 51, 55, 80-81,

85,199 novelty yarns, 8, 155 numbering systems, needle sizing, 5 nylon, yarn pros/cons, 8

one-color knitting, Fair Isle combination, 133 one-handed stranding, Fair Isle knitting,

130-131, 135 open (provisional), cast-on techniques, 22-23 overcasting, buttonhole reinforcement, 176

patch pockets, attachment techniques, 180-181 pattern repeat, circular knitting, 86 patterns, 40, 58-67, 69-71 picot edging, 203

picot turned button band, turned hems, 185 picot turning row, turned hems, 185 pillows, knitted balls, 192 pins (straight), 6

plackets, finishing techniques, 168

plastic bobbins, intarsia knitting, 6

plastic, needle pros/cons, 4

pockets, attachment techniques, 181-183

point protectors, knitting accessory, 6, 7

pointed borders, 197

points, needle guidelines, 5

polar, super-bulky yarns, 9

polyester, yarn pros/cons, 8

pompom makers, knitting accessory, 6

pompoms, 188

ponchos, fringe, 190-191

provisional (open), cast-on techniques, 22-23

puckered fabric, slip-stitch knitting, 139

puckered seams, avoiding, 153

pullovers, yarn yardage charts, 222

purl 1 through back of loop (p1 tbl), techniques, 79 purl stitches, 30-34 purled turning row, turned hems, 184 purlwise stitch binding off, 39

dropped stitch correction, 49 Fair Isle knitting, 130-137 short-rowing, 120-121 slipping technique, 34 yarn-over, 101-103 purses, beaded details, 198-199

reverse stockinette stitch, 74, 150 reversible patterns, weaving in ends, 145 ribbing pattern, horizontal stripes, 129 ribbing stitch, weaving in ends, 145 right-slanting double decrease, shaping method, 116 right-slanting make 1 increase, shaping method, 105 round tracking, circular knitting, 86 rounded points, use guidelines, 5 roving, super-bulky yarns, 9

row-by-row unravel, correction techniques, 55

rows binding off decrease methods, 118 bound-off stitch counting, 40 dropped stitch corrections, 48-51 increasing/decreasing multiple stitches, 119 knit one in row below, 78 unraveling, 55 yarn joining, 35 ruffles, 196

scallops, decorative details, 197 scarves, 41, 58, 75-76, 188-191 schematics, pattern instructions, 59, 67 scissors, knitting accessory, 6, 7 scrap yarn, round tracking, 86 scratchy knits, softening techniques, 12 seam sewing, finishing techniques, 148-155 seamless stripes, circular knitting, 96 seams, 35, 42-43, 158-161 seed stitch, 75, 97, 145 selvages, 76, 129

sewn seams, finishing techniques, 148-155 sewn-on collars, finishing techniques, 169 shaped areas, measurement techniques, 68 shaping methods bar increase, 100

decrease by binding off, 118

decrease multiple stitches across a row, 119

double decreases, 114-117

increase multiple stitches across a row, 119

knit 2 together (k2tog), 110

knit 2 together through back of loop

  • k2tog tbl), 111 lifted increase, 106-107 make 1, 104-105 multiple increases, 108-109 purl 2 together (p2tog), 110 purl 2 together through back of loop
  • p2tog tbl), 111 short-rowing, 120-121 slip 1, knit 1, pass (skp) decrease, 113 slip, slip, knit (ssk) decrease, 112 three-needle bind-off, 121 yarn-over, 101-103 shawls, 58, 192

short-rowing, shaping methods, 120-121 shoulders, three-needle bind off, 42-43, 121

silk, yarn pros/cons, 8

simple back cross cable, techniques, 80

simple cables, techniques, 80-81

simple cast-on, 17, 88

simple front cross cable, techniques, 81

single crochet edging, 202

single-point (straight), needle shape considerations, 4 size representations, pattern instructions,

58, 66-67 sizes, needle numbering system, 5 sk2p (slip 1, knit 2 together, pass) decrease, 115 skill levels, pattern instructions, 58 skirts, circumference measurement, 58 skp (slip 1, knit 1, pass) decrease, shaping method, 113 sleeve caps, sweater attachments, 160-161 sleeves, 68, 160-161

slingshot (long-tail), cast-on techniques, 20-21 slip 1, knit 1, pass (skp) decrease, shaping method, 113 slip 1, knit 2 together, pass (sk2p) decrease, 115 slip stitch edging, 201

slip, slip, knit (ssk) decrease, shaping method, 112

slipknots, cast-on techniques, 16

slipped stitches, when to use, 34

slip-stitch patterns, color knitting, 138-139

slip-stitch selvage, techniques, 76

sock yarns, super-fine yarn, 9

special instructions, pattern information, 59

split complementary color schemes, 126

split ring markers, round tracking, 86

sport weight, fine yarns, 9

ssk (slip, slip, knit) decrease, shaping method, 112

steam blocking, finishing technique, 146-147

steam irons, blocking techniques, 146-147

stitch holders, 6

stitch markers, 6

stitch pattern charts, reading techniques, 71 stitch patterns

1 x 1 rib stitch, 75

cables, 80-81

garter stitch, 74

garter stitch selvage, 76

knit one in the row below, 78

knit through back of loop (k1 tbl), 79

pattern information, 59

purl through back of loop (p1 tbl), 79

reverse stockinette, 74 row counting, 75 seed stitch, 75 selvages, 76

simple back cross cable, 80 simple front cross cable, 81 slip-stitch selvage, 76 stockinette, 31, 33, 74, 75, 97, 128 substitution guidelines, 62 stitch-and-needle gauge, knitting accessory, 6 stitch-by-stitch unravel, correction techniques, 54 stitches bound-off counting, 40 cast-on methods, 16-23 correction techniques, 46-55 slipping, 34 unraveling, 54 stockinette stitch, 31, 33, 74-75, 97, 128 straight (single-point), needle shape, 4 straight pins, 6, 146-147 stripes, circular knitting, 96 super-bulky, yarn weight, 9 super-bulky yarns, seam sewing, 155 super-fine, yarn weight, 9 swatches, gauge, 60-65 sweaters assembly order, 158

chest circumference measurement, 58

fringe, 190-191

garter stitch selvage, 76

pompoms, 188

ruffled edges, 196

seam selection guidelines, 158-159

sleeve attachments, 160-161

stockinette/reverse stockinette stitch patterns, 74 tassels, 189 twisted cord ties, 194 yarn yardage charts, 222 symbols, yarn care instructions, 11, 12-13 synthetic fibers, 8

tail yarn, re-twisting, 21

tape measures, knitting accessory, 6

tapered points, use guidelines, 5

tapestry needles, knitting accessory, 6

tassels, 189

tension. See gauges terms, 211-213

test swatches, color experimentation, 127

tetradic color schemes, 127

three-dimensional accents, bobbles, 77

three-needle bind-off, 42-43, 121, 157

throws, fringe, 190-191

toe-up socks, knitted cord bind off, 41

top-down hats, knitted cord bind off, 41

top-down items, stitch pattern chart reading, 71

triadic color schemes, 126

turned hems, finishing, 184-185

turtleneck collars, finishing, 169

twisted cords, 194

twisted stitch, correcting, 46

two-handed stranding, Fair Isle knitting, 132-133

two-sided knitting, weaving in ends, 145

unraveling, 54-55

unwanted yarn-over, correcting, 51

U.S. numbering system, needle sizes, 5

vertical edges, picking up stitches, 165 vertical seams, sewing, 148-150 vertical-to-horizontal seams, sewing, 152-153 vests, yarn yardage charts, 222

weave yarns, Fair Isle knitting, 134-137

weaving in ends, finishing, 144-145

weights, yarn, 9-10

wet blocking, finishing technique, 147

women, measurement charts, 217-218

wood needles, 4, 85

worsted, medium yarns, 9

yardage, yarn label information, 10-11 yarn ends, 35, 144-145

yarn guide ring, one-handed strand knitting, 135 yarn tails, re-twisting, 21 yarn yardage charts, 222-223 yarn-overs, shaping method, 101-103 yarns, 8-13, 35, 131

zipper seal bags, tangled yarn prevention, 131 zippers, sewing, 178-179

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