The size or sizes that a pattern can be knit for are represented by measurements: chest circumference for sweaters; height x width for scarves, blankets, bags, and shawls; or circumference for hats and skirts. Sometimes baby and kids' patterns will list the age range for the sizes, along with the measurements.

Many knitting patterns are written for more than one size, with the smallest size listed first, and the remaining sizes listed in parentheses—for example, S (M, L). Throughout the pattern, the instructions contain information pertaining to the various sizes, such as stitch counts and numbers of decreases or increases, using the same format. For example, a pattern written for S (M, L) could instruct you to cast on 40 (50, 60) stitches. That means if you're knitting the medium size, you cast on 50 stitches.



Some patterns also include schematics, or diagrams of the finished knit pieces, showing the measurements for each piece before finishing. Schematics are a helpful guide when you're knitting your pieces: You can measure your knitting as you go along, and compare it to the schematic to be sure you're on track.

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